Arthritis is used as a generic term that covers several types of arthritis which are causing the debilitating symptoms of the joints.
Arthritis literally means inflammation or inflammation of the joints.
Inflammation is what causes pain in people with arthritis.
Generally, most of this sufferers are elderly, but there is also a type of this problem that affects children.
Here are the types of Arthritis:
Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease caused by the aging process.
This type of arthritis usually affects many joints such as the knees, hips, spine, feet, and base of the thumb.
Mechanical and genetic factors are believed to play a role in the emergence of osteoarthritis enough.
Some other risk factors include, among others obesity, joint trauma and repetitive pengguanaan of certain joints.
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
In rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system actually attacks the synovial membrane resulting in pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints.
Therefore, rheumatoid arthritis is known as an autoimmune disease. Early diagnosis is often difficult because early symptoms are vague and gradually worsened.
3. Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis has many similarities to rheumatoid arthritis, especially since both are autoimmune diseases.
This condition often occurs in people who suffer from psoriasis.
The disease is characterized by inflammation of the joints accompanied by swelling and pain. If left untreated, this condition can cause the joint to become paralyzed.
Gout is caused by a metabolic disorder of uric acid in the body to produce uric acid crystals are deposited in the joints, especially the big toe.
As a result, the joints become swollen, redness, and pain.
5. Juvenile Arthritis
All types of arthritis that occur in children are included in the category of juvenile arthritis.
The condition most commonly appears is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis consists of three types namely pauciarticular, polyarticular, and systemic.
Juvenile arthritis is diagnosed when symptoms occur at least after 6 weeks.
6. Infectious Arthritis
Infectious arthritis is caused due to infection by fungi, viruses, or bacteria.
Septic arthritis occurs due to infection by bacteria. For example, tuberculous arthritis occurs because patients affected by tuberculosis.
Gonococcal arthritis can occur in those who are infected by gonorrhea
7. Ankylosing Spondylitis
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a chronic disease and lead to severe inflammation, mainly in the spine. This condition can cause stiffness in the spine.
Lower back pain accompanied by stiffness continuously for several months is the most frequent symptom.
8. Polymyalgia Rheumatica
This condition often affects people over the age of fifty years.
Polymyalgia rheumatica causes severe pain and stiffness in the shoulders, hips and neck.
Because the symptoms are similar to other conditions, making polymyalgia rheumatica is often difficult to diagnose accurately.
However, if diagnosed early enough, it usually responds well to treatment will be performed.
9. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects the entire body system along with multiple internal organs.
This condition usually occurs in women when in times of parenting.
Systemic lupus erythematosus can be life-threatening, so it is important for early diagnosis and immediate treatment.
This type of arthritis affects the soft tissues of the body and is caused by damage to the function of neurotransmitters in the brain that is characterized by stiffness, pain, and muscle pain