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Back pain is often caused by a lump in the joints of the spine, muscles, discs and nerves. Back pain can occur due to injuries, activities, and several medical conditions.
Back pain can affect people of all ages, for many reasons. As we get older, the chances of developing low back pain increase, due to factors, such as previous work and degenerative disc disease.
Lower back pain can be associated with the spinal cord, the discs between the vertebrae, the ligaments around the spine and discs, the spinal cord and nerves, the lower back muscles, the internal organs of the abdomen and pelvis, and the skin around the lumbar area. Pain in the upper back may also be caused by aortic disorders, tumors in the chest, and inflammation of the spine.
6 Common Causes Back Pain
Having certain diseases can also cause back pain. Some of these medical conditions are:
1. Cauda Equina Syndrome
The equine cauda is a collection of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower end of the spinal cord. Symptoms include dull pain in the lower back and upper buttocks, as well as numbness in the buttocks, genitalia, and thighs. Sometimes there is a malfunctioning of the bowel and bladder.
2. Spinal Cancer
Tumors on the spine can press on nerves resulting in back pain.
3. Spinal Infection
A fever and a soft, warm area on the back can be caused by a spinal infection.
4. Other Infections
Pelvic inflammatory disease, bladder, or kidney infections can also cause back pain.
5. Sleep Disorders
People with sleep disorders are more likely to experience back pain, compared to other people.
6. Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Infections that can affect nerves can cause back pain. This depends on which nerves are affected.
The following factors associated with a higher risk of back pain are work activity, pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, poor physical fitness, older age, obesity and overweight, smoking, strenuous physical exercise or work. especially if done incorrectly, and genetic factors.
Low back pain also tends to be more common in women than men. This could be due to hormonal factors. Stress, anxiety, and mood disorders have also been linked to back pain.
The main symptom of back pain is aching or aching in the back and sometimes to the buttocks and legs. Some back problems can cause pain in other parts of the body depending on which nerves are affected.
The pain often goes away without treatment, but if the pain is also accompanied by weight loss, fever, inflammation or swelling in the back, persistent back pain where lying down or resting doesn’t help, and pain in the legs.
In addition, pain that reaches below the knee, injury from a blow or trauma to the back, urinary incontinence, difficulty urinating, fecal incontinence or loss of control of bowel movements, numbness around the genitals, numbness around the anus, and numbness around the buttocks, meaning you should call your doctor right away.
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