Achilles tendinitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, the tendon that runs from the calf muscle to the heel.
Calf muscles and the Achilles tendon lower forefoot after the heel hits the ground and lift your heel when your toes pressed before moving to the other foot.
Causes Of Achilles Tendinitis
Achilles tendinitis occurs when the pressure on the tendon are greater than the strength of the tendon.
Running downhill puts pressure on the Achilles tendon because the front foot should go further before it hits the ground.
Running uphill also stresses on the Achilles tendon because of the calf muscles must exert greater effort to raise the heel when your toes are encouraged.
Various biomechanical factors that tend to cause injury to the Achilles tendon:
- Pronation (rotate inwards) Excess foot
- Familiarity stepping too far away from the heel
- Vein knee and calf muscles are stiff
- Curves feet high
- A stiff Achilles Tendon
- Variants heel shape
Symptoms Of Achilles Tendinitis
The main symptom is pain, which is usually a great thing if people get up from sitting or lying down or when the patient started to run.
The pain is often eased if people continue to walk or run, despite painful and stiff.
The Achilles tendon is encased in a protective sheath; between the tendon and its sheath there is a thin layer of fat, which allows the tendon to move freely.
If the tendon is injured, scar tissue formed between the tendon and its sheath, so that every time it moves, the tendon will pull the veil of the wrapper. That is why the movement causes pain.
Keep walking or running will reduce the pain because it increases the temperature of the casing, making it more pliable and the tendons can move more freely.
Pressing tendon usually will cause pain.
If the person ignores the pain and continues to run, rigid scar tissue replaces the elastic tendon and the tendon will always hurt during exercise, without any possibility of recovery.
Diagnosis Of Achilles Tendinitis
Physical examination showed the presence of a blunt pain along the affected tendon and if given custody of muscle attached to the tendon, then there will be pain.
Treatments For Achilles Tendinitis
Stop running and replace it with cycling for pain to settled, an important part of the treatment.
More actions depends on the cause or circumstances patients.
Using the shoe with a flexible sole of shoe and lining assembly can reduce tension and stabilize the heel tendon.
Exercises to stretch the knee muscles can be started immediately after the pain is gone.
Likewise with training to strengthen the Achilles tendon.
Patients should not run up or down the hill is evidence of high speed until the tendon was perfectly healed, which usually takes a few weeks to several years.