According to Achilles Tendinitis Specialist, Achilles Tendinitis is inflammation of the Achilles tendon, the connective tissue that connects the calf muscles in the lower back of the foot to the heel bone. Achilles tendinitis often suffers injuries from walking or other sports related injuries due to excessive intense exercise, jumping or other activities that stretch the tendons and calf muscles.
Most cases of Achilles tendinitis can be treated simply at home with a doctor’s supervision. Further treatment is needed to prevent the recurrence.
More serious cases of Achilles tendinitis can cause the Achilles tendon to rupture and can require surgery to repair damaged tissue.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
The most common sign of Achilles Tendinitis is pain that gradually and worsens over time. Achilles Tendinitis Signs and symptoms include:
- Mild aches or pains in the back of the foot and above the heels after sports, walking or other activities.
- Pain that appears more severe and prolonged when climbing or doing intense exercises such as running
- Stiff muscles, especially in the morning but get better with mild activity
- Mild swelling or lumps in the Achilles tendon
- Crunching or creaking sounds when touching or moving the Achilles tendon
- Weakness in the lower leg.
Achilles Tendinitis Causes
A number of factors can contribute to the occurrence of Achilles tendinitis:
- A sudden increase or speed of walking
- Walking or climbing stairs intensely or never done before
- Sports with jumps or those that start suddenly and then stop like basketball or tennis
- Exercising without warming up
- Intensive exercise that is done after a long time not exercising regularly
- Lack of calf muscle flexibility
- Walking on uneven or hard surfaces
- Wearing worn or inappropriate shoes
- Walking on a curved surface so that the achilles tendon is overloading the body
- Other variations on the anatomy of the foot, ankle or foot that can put extra pressure on the tendon
- Tendon injury or injury
Achilles Tendinitis Treatments
Achilles Tendinitis treatment is usually treated in a simple way. But successful treatment requires patience and adherence to treatment guidelines.
Achilles Tendinitis Specialist may recommend a combination of medications, including:
Achilles Tendinitis Home Treatment
Achilles Tendinitis home treatments include Rest (it is important for tissue healing, the duration depends on the severity of symptoms), Ice (reduce pain or swelling, give an ice pack to the tendon about 15 minutes after exercising or when experiencing pain), Pressure (using an elastic bandage to compress the achilles tendon can help reduce swelling and reduce tendon movement), Elevate (the injured leg is raised while sleeping at night).
Achilles Tendinitis Medications
Achilles Tendinitis Medications include anti-inflammatory and pain relieve medications.
Achilles Tendinitis Physiotherapy
Achilles Tendinitis Physiotherapy include stretching, massage, ultrasound and strengthening exercises.
Achilles Tendinitis Orthotic
Orthotic device to protect or change the position of the foot and ankle to speed healing. Inserting a prop in the shoe to slightly lift the heel can relieve tension and reduce the amount of force acting on the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Injection
Corticosteroid injections can be used with caution to reduce inflammation around the tendon that has been chronic, especially when inflammation is nearing the tendon rupture stage
Achilles Tendinitis Shockwave Therapy
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy has been shown to be effective in the treatment of chronic Achilles tendinopathy .