Anterior cruciate ligament Injury (ACL) in the knee joint is a network that connects the tibia (lower leg) to the femur (thigh). This ligament that prevents the tibia shifting as we do activities. Ligaments are very strong and is located in the center of the knee joint and across the front. The function of these ligaments to stabilize the knee joint in motion translational (front and back movement) and rotation (circular motion).
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are on track, jump to the spinning motion (pivot) and a sudden turn in the knee such as football, volleyball, basketball. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can also fall at the lower leg (tibia) pushed backward against the thigh bone (femur) as at the time of falling due to the football and tackle traffic accident. Another cause is the leap straight to the excessive knee (hyperextension).
The degree of damage depends ACL knee position, direction and strength of a large impact on the knee injury time.
Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) often occurs between the ages of 15-25 particularly those active in sports, and women more often than men.
Damage arising from an ACL injury in 40% of cases are often accompanied by damage to one or both of the meniscus.
Symptoms of ACL Injury
Initial symptoms include pain when the injury immediately accompanied by the sound of knee ligament rupture and arise due to swelling that occurs some time after the injury. After the pain and swelling was reduced knee instability (giving way) and as if the knee loose (loose). The patient was walking float like using roller skates because feeling unstable knee.
How to diagnose ACL injury?
ACL injury can be diagnosed with Physical Examination through PIVOT test, X-ray, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
First Aid After Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
Initial goal of this first aid treatment is to reduce pain and swelling that occurs, subsequent to regain knee motion and knee muscle strength. Although the surgery will be performed as the early stage of treatment, first aid after injury is essential to reduce complications that may arise after surgery.
The action to be performed (abbreviated R.I.C.E)
- Rest – resting the knee is not used to run first until swelling disappear
- Ice – Make a compress with ice or cold water to reduce swelling and pain
- Compression – Perform a compression bandage bandage for reduce swelling
- Elevation – Lying down with legs elevated to reduce swelling.
Operative Procedure for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
At Singapore Sports Clinic, Operative procedure for anterior cruciate ligament injury is knee arthroscopy and ACL reconstruction. As per our knee surgeon Singapore, ACL damage can only be repaired by replacing it using a tendon from another part of the body. Gold standard ACL reconstruction is to use a technique arthroscopy. The tendons were taken from his own body (autograph), which is often used is the patellar ligament and hamstrings. Compared to conventional surgery with a large incision, arthroscopy is more superior, because:
- Easy to see clearly the inside of the knee
- small incision so the pain suffered by the patient lighter
- At the same time can see and deal damage to the other structures of the injured knee
- lower risk
- Rehabilitation faster
Need Consultation for anterior cruciate ligament injury treatment? Looking for knee surgeon Singapore? Please contact us by calling (65) 66532628 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our knee specialists has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.
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