What is Arachnoiditis? Chronic Pain All Over the Body Due to Spinal Nerve Trauma. Looking for proper treatment for Arachnoiditis Specialist Clinic Singapore? Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment with our Nerve and Spine Specialist, Dr Mathew Tung (Nuerosurgeon).
The nerve of the human body is connected through the spine which spreads to various parts of the body, especially the hands and feet. So when the head or brain is traumatized, it is not impossible for other parts of the body to be disturbed. One of the most frequently reported complaints after spinal cord trauma due to brain or head injury is chronic pain. Chronic pain especially in this case is called arachnoiditis.
Arachnoiditis is a nervous disorder that causes chronic pain
Arachnoiditis is a complaint of chronic pain that attacks the back to the groin (perineum) and spreads throughout the arms to the legs. Arachnoiditis is a nervous disorder caused by acute inflammation in the body after a brain injury or spinal cord injury.
These nerve disorders occur in the arachnoid, the inner layer of the meninges that protects various nerves in the brain and spine. When the meninges are damaged, it is very likely that the arachnoid is also damaged. The incidence of arachnoiditis tends to be rare.
Inflammation then causes the injured spinal cord to swell, causing the surrounding nerves to become attached. This condition then causes pain and nerve function disorders.
Arachnoiditis can also occur in several ways, such as:
ADHESIVE ARACHNOIDITIS – occurs when the spinal cord attaches to one another due to inflammation.
ARACHNOIDITIS OSSIFICANS – occurs when damaged arachnoids turn into bone tissue.
CEREBRAL ARACHNOIDITIS – arachnoiditis occurs in the brain and is often characterized by severe headaches.
HEREDITARY ARACHNOIDITIS – damage to the meninges membrane occurs due to genetic disorders.
NEOPLASTIC ARACHNOIDITIS – arachnoiditis triggered by the growth of cancer cells.
ADHESIVE ARACHNOIDITIS – occurs in the nerves of the brain behind the eyes. This type of arachnoiditis can cause blindness.
Damage caused is progressive. That is, the symptoms initially appear to be mild, and can continue to get worse when left untreated.
Symptoms of arachnoiditis can also be neural disorders such as:
- Visual impairment
- Joint pain
- Sensation of tingling and burning sensation
- The ear feels good
- The muscle feels weak
- Hearing Impairment
- Symptoms of meningitis or swelling are meninges on the head or spine
In rare cases, this condition also causes:
- Head swelling (hydrocephalus)
- The body cannot produce sweat
- Abnormal uncontrolled body movements
- Urinary system disorders
- Chronic fatigue
- Symptoms of migraines
Symptoms of arachnoiditis that appear may be different for each person. In some people nerve damage due to this condition can be very disruptive to activity.
What causes arachnoiditis?
The cause of arachnoiditis is trauma or head injury that affects the membranes of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord, such as traffic accidents. Some people can experience this condition because they inherit a damaged gene from their family tree.
Some other possible causes of arachnoiditis are:
Damage due to side effects of spinal surgery; most arachnoiditis is caused by this.
Injection damage in the myelography procedure
Exposure to chemicals that attack meninges.
Injections in the spine, such as epidural injections.
Side effects of the lumbar puncture.
Viral and bacterial infections that attack the spine (eg bone tuberculosis).
Cancer growth around the spine.
How is arachnoiditis diagnosed?
Because the symptoms are less specific, arachnoiditis is often misinterpreted as a normal muscle injury. Arachnoiditis is also quite difficult to diagnose, so usually you will need to undergo further examinations such as MRI and CAT scan to really confirm it.
How to treat arachnoiditis condition?
Generally, the treatment of arachnoiditis is surgical correction to justify impaired nerve function. However, this route is not always recommended. Because the structure of the spine is very vulnerable to damage. Even the slightest damage can have a serious impact. That is why surgery in the area affected by arachnoiditis is not always effective because it can cause further damage.
Some ways can be an alternative choice for treating arachnoiditis symptoms, such as:
Physical therapy arachnoiditis – plays a role in relieving pain and preventing further damage. Therapy for physical activity for example can strengthen muscles and overcome pain. Some other methods such as massage and ice compresses can also be used to reduce pressure when feeling pain.
Arachnoiditis Medications Treatment – aims to relieve pain such as using NSAIDs pain relievers, steroid drugs, and opoids. But it should be noted the side effects of using the drug.
Nerve stimulation – the use of certain tools to send electrical signals to the spine to reduce pain and help to move.
Psychological assistance – with a coping support group method that is expected to provide emotional support and share ways and tips related to individual lifestyles to deal with chronic pain.
Tired of having pain to your back? Looking for proper treatment for Arachnoiditis Specialist Clinic Singapore? Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment with our Nerve and Spine Specialist, Dr Mathew Tung (Nuerosurgeon).