Lower Back Pain? Have you or anyone around you experience back pain? Complaints like this are often found in various health centers and complaints by patients with a variety of professions, ranging from office clerks, factory workers, laborers, farmers, and so on. In our society, back pain is often known by various terms, some are calling a “pain at buttock”, “leg pain”. While in the medical, back pain commonly called low back pain or LBP. Back pain is one of the health problems that need attention because this complaint is very annoying and can hamper one’s work productivity.
What Causes Back Pain?
Actually, what the cause of your back pain? Back pain can arise as a result of a variety of disorders. In general, there are four situations that often bring back pain are:
1. Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury (back injuries) often arise due to excessive loads that must be supported by the backs. Spinal cord injury may include damage to muscles and soft tissue attached to the spine, causing pain and the inability of people to work for several weeks.
2. Herniation Of The Spine
Examples of cases that often appear out of this situation is herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) with typical symptoms such as back pain more severe exertion, straining, coughing or sneezing. In the development of the HNP back pain can be accompanied by pain in the hips, thighs, legs, and other neurological disorders such as tingling or heavy feeling in the legs.
3. Diseases Of The Spine
Various diseases of the spine can cause symptoms of back pain sufferers, eg degenerative diseases of the spine (spondylosis) caused by changes in the structure of the spine due to additional factors of age, or infection of the spine (ankylosing) spondylitis tuberculosis as a continuation of TB disease the lungs.
4. Shifting Spine (Spondylolisthesis)
The shift of the spine (spondylolisthesis) generally give symptoms such as lower back pain that gradually felt more and more severe, especially if the patient is doing its movement away from the axis of the body.
If you Experiencing Low Back Pain …
Do not carelessly take medication for back pain because it can actually exacerbate the grievances felt. If you are experiencing back pain that does not go away with rest, then you should start to consult your doctor. Because back pain can be caused by many things, the enforcement of the diagnosis requires evaluations, ranging from extracting information possible causes (such as trauma history, habits, patient work, etc.), physical-neurological examination, until the various investigations such as laboratory tests (blood complete, LED, serum), spinal x-rays, MRI, myelography, and others.
Treatment of back pain in accordance with the underlying cause. Generally, the treatment of back pain can be divided into two types: conservative treatment (such as physiotherapy, the use of corsets, administration of pain medication or analgesic) and surgery for cases treated with conservative methods fail or there are special circumstances that require immediate surgery.
How Prevention of Low Back Pain?
Back pain can be prevented with a simple and everyone can start to get used to in everyday life, including you. The things that can be done to maintain the health of the spine and prevents the occurrence of back pain include:
1. Correct Body Position While Working
The majority of spinal cord injuries are caused by improper lifting. This can be due to incorrect lifting techniques, ie by bending or twisting motion that pedestal centered in the spine. Prevention is to get used to lift weights ranging from squatting movement first and then lifted with an upright body position so that the burden is on the second pedestal legs and keep the load as close to your body to reduce the burden of the spine. It is much safer for the health of your spine.
2. The heavy Burden Is Lifted Must Adjust The Body’s Ability
Other causes of spinal cord injury is the result of excessive loads that exceed the body’s ability to sustain (over load). Be careful when carrying or lifting items that are too heavy, too big, and hard to handle! It would be much safer for you to ask someone for help or use a tool when meeting these items work.
3. Maintaining Physical Fitness and Nutrition Adequacy
Maintaining physical fitness can be done with regular exercise with adequate dose and duration. It is very useful in adding strength, flexibility, and muscular endurance, and increase strength and bone density, in addition to preventing bone loss. In general, sufficient exercise can be performed with a frequency of 3-5 times per week, duration 20-40 minutes, with movements that involve large muscles and adequate rest intervals. While the nutritional requirements needed to meet energy needs in working and maintaining a healthy spine. This can be achieved by eating regularly 3x a day with enough food composition containing macro and micro nutrients, and drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day.
Need Consultation? Please contact us by calling (65) 64762106 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our professional orthopedic specialist, Dr. Kevin Yip, has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.
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