Bone Disorders / Bone Disease
The bones in humans often suffer bone disorders from birth, because of the foot that we eat everyday, wrong posture, disease, accidents, and others.
Below are the factors that Bone Disease (Bone Disorders) :
1. Incorrect posture habits
Sitting position may cause disruption in the bone. If you are sitting with your back bent the spine will curve to the left, right, forward, or backward. Curved spine is influenced by the position and sitting habits. Abnormalities of the spine can be divided into three:
- Scoliosis, the spine is too curved to the left or to the right.
- Kyphosis, the spine is too curved backward.
- Lordosis, the spine is too curved forward.
Therefore we have to get used to sit with the right attitude is seated with upright posture and not bend to the right or to the left.
2. Bone disorder due to illness
Some bone diseases can be caused by microorganisms, both viral and bacterial, including the following.
The disease is caused by the polio virus that attacks the bone, so that it becomes paralyzed (not powered) or shrinking growth and imperfect.
b. weak quasi-
Pseudo paralyzed due to syphilis infection in children during in utero due to the mother’s infected with the disease syphilis, resulting in limb bones in infants or children being paralyzed or not powered.
c. stiff joints
Stiff joints is a defect in the joint where the joint can not be moved. The disease is caused by joint infection or disease sifillis gonorhoe so oil the joints become dry and can not be moved, for example, the knee can not be bent. Stiff joints usually this occurs in adults.
d. bone cancer
The virus can also damage the growth of bone cells that are not controlled, so that in some places in the bone can grow lumps that can move and pain arise. This disease can lead to death.
e. bone tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a disease of bone on bone due to infection by Tuberculosis so that bones become damaged.
3. Disorders / bone abnormalities caused by genetics (heredity trait)
A trait in the offspring of parents who decline will be passed on to offspring, the trait is called a gene. For example, spine deformities suffered by the parents caused by the genes it will be passed on to offspring.
4. Disorders / bone abnormalities caused by food
The growth of the bones depends on the food we eat every day. The food we eat should contain substances necessary for bone growth. For example, it contains calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. Lack of calcium (calcium) and vitamin D on bone, can lead to impaired bone growth in the legs, as a result, bones become soft and bent. If bending inwards, legs forming the letter X, but if crooked out, forming the letter O. In the elderly, if calcium deficiency can bend it back.
5. Disorders / bone disorder due to an accident
Disorders / bone disorder due to an accident, among others:
- Fracture, if the fracture occurs at the time of the accident.
- Fissure, if the bone is fractured.
- Dislocation, if there is a shift in the lining of the joints because the joints tear.
- Calli, if the bones are broken due to an accident, then raised bubbles on the joints, the joints ballooned after recovery.