Brain tumor is a condition characterized by the growth of abnormal cells in or around the brain. The abnormal cells grow unnaturally and are out of control. However, tumors in the brain do not always turn into malignant tumors or cancer.
The levels of brain tumors are divided into levels 1-4. the classification is based on the behavior of the tumor. For example, judged by the speed of growth and how it is spread. For levels 1 and 2, brain tumors are benign, and do not have the potential to be malignant.
Meanwhile at levels 3 and 4, it is different again. At this level, tumors usually have the potential to become cancerous. Therefore, this condition is often referred to as a malignant brain tumor or brain cancer.
Risk Factors for Brain Tumors
There are several factors that can increase the risk of brain tumors. For example age (some types of brain tumors are more often affected by children), heredity, radiation exposure, to genetic disorders. In addition, brain tumors can also be caused by the spread of cancer in parts of the body other than the brain. Such as lung cancer or breast cancer.
Brain Tumor Causes
Unfortunately, the main cause of brain tumors is still unknown. Brain tumors themselves can come from brain tissue. This condition is known as a primary brain tumor. However, brain tumors can also originate from tumors from other organs that spread to areas of the brain (secondary brain tumors). Brain tumors occur when there are mutations or genetic changes in brain tissue.
Brain Tumor Symptoms
Symptoms of a brain tumor can vary from person to person. Symptoms that people complain about can be influenced by various things. Starting from the size, location of the tumor, and speed of growth. Brain tumors may not cause any symptoms if they grow slowly.
However, over time, tumors can put pressure on the brain, causing symptoms. For example, convulsions or headaches.
In some cases, brain tumors can also cause symptoms of memory disorders, the body experiences numbness, disruption of the five senses, until the facial muscles experience paralysis.
Brain Tumor Diagnosis
To diagnose a brain tumor, the doctor will begin with a medical interview and physical examination about complaints experienced by the patient. In addition, the doctor will also do a neurological examination such as examination of brain power, hearing or vision, to the facial nerve.
Furthermore, the doctor will conduct a supporting examination to see whether there is a tumor in the brain. Examinations carried out for example CT Scan, PET Scan, or MRI
Brain Tumor Treatments
At Brain Tumor Specialist Clinic, Treatment of brain tumors must be done early, the aim is to facilitate the handling. If not treated immediately, this condition can become more serious. Brain tumors usually do not spread and only stay in one place, but brain tumors can exert pressure and damage the surrounding area. This brain tumor treatment depends on various things. Start the size, type, and location of the tumor.
Tumor removal surgery procedures performed on benign brain tumors are generally successfully treated and tumors do not reappear. As a result, this condition does not cause ongoing problems later on.
While in glioma stage 2 brain tumor, it’s different again. This tumor often grows back after undergoing treatment. In addition, this tumor has the potential to turn malignant. In fact, the spread and growth can be faster. To help the recovery process of brain tumors, the doctor will suggest several types of therapy. For example radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Call or Whatsapp us at 64762106 for an appointment with our brain tumor specialist clinic, Dr Mathew Tung (Brain & Spine Specialist) .