BUNION is an abnormal lump of bone that forms on the joint at the side of the big toe which form when the big toe or pushing against your toes and force your other joints in the big toe toward the opposite direction away from the normal profile of your foot.
Furthermore, the joint at the side of your big toe will grow like a lump and cause pain.
Causes of Bunion
Bunions may occur for several reasons, but the cause is usually due to the use of shoes that are too fit in the leg. It can also develop as a result of structural defects heritage, the stress on your feet, and medical conditions, such as arthritis.
It will also develop when the pressure on the bearing joints and tendons in the foot are not evenly distributed. The imbalance in pressure can make your big toe joint is unstable and grow jutting out of the normal shape of your foot.
Symptoms of Bunion
The signs and symptoms include:
- Protruding lump appeared on the outside of the base of the big toe
- Swelling, redness or pain around the big toe joint
- Thickening of the skin at the base of the big toe
- Calluses between the toes first and second overlapping
- Continuous pain
- Movement of the big toe is limited
Treatments for Bunion
Treatment options vary, depending on the severity of your bunions are suffering and pain that you feel. Treatment of mild bunions do with conservative non surgical treatments which include:
- Wearing comfortable and provide plenty of room for your toes.
- Padding and tapping to be done to restore the doctor your toes in a normal position. It can reduce stress and relieve pain.
- Medications such as anti-inflammatory and pain relieve medications may help control pain.
- Cortisone injections can also help ease the pain.
If conservative treatment does not relieve your pain, you may need surgery. Surgery is not recommended unless you are causing pain or bunions often interfere with your daily activities.
Bunions surgery is known as Bunionectomy surgery is not without risk. In addition, you may still be able to feel pain or you could develop a new bunion in your big toe joint after surgery. Consider to try conservative treatment before choosing the Bunionectomy.