Bunion is a lump that develops gradually on the inner side of the toe joint. This condition begins with the shift of the corners of the toe to the index finger. Then, within a few years, this change will result in the appearance of lumps until more clearly visible.
Bunion not only changes the bone structure of the foot, but also causes discomfort, pain, and provides reddish marks on the feet. Lumps that come out on the side of the thumb will also make sufferers have difficulty in wearing shoes.
Causes of Bunion
According to Bunion Specialist Singapore, Bunion is suspected of being genetically inherited. In addition to genetic factors, some forms of structural abnormalities of the foot can trigger bunion, including bone structure abnormalities, flat feet (flat foot), or connective tissue between bones (ligaments) that are too flexible. In addition, a history of feet injuries also risks causing bunion.
Other factors that can trigger bunion are:
Suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.
Often wear shoes that are too narrow in size, making the fingers coincide and pressing on the toes.
Wearing high heels also adds pressure to the toes that coincide too tightly at the front of the shoe, resulting in abnormalities in the angle of the leg bones.
Often standing for a long time.
Bunion can just happen without the appearance of initial symptoms. However, it can also be characterized by the appearance of pain or pain, redness, swelling, and thickening of the skin around the toes.
Symptoms of bunions include:
Lumps on the toes, which make it difficult for the thumb to move and pain.
The pain is felt even more when using shoes. This condition will cause bunion sufferers to be reluctant to wear shoes to avoid pain.
The position of the toe which looks slanted and leads to the index toe. This condition also allows the great toe to make a crossing position, and touches the top or bottom of the index toe.
How to diagnose Bunion?
In many cases, Bunion Specialist Singapore will diagnose a bunion patient through a physical examination, namely by looking directly at the symptoms or signs that form on the patient’s feet. When performing a physical examination, our Bunion Specialist Singapore will ask the patient to move the toe to the forward (straightened) position and backward (bent) to monitor the limitations of the finger motion experienced.
X-ray may be recommended to diagnose Bunion.
For some cases, blood test may also be recommended to confirm whether bunion is caused by joint inflammation or not.
Bunion Treatment will depend on the severity of the bunion. To relieve excessive pressure and pain in the toe, non-surgical or conservative treatment can be done, in the form of: Medication for bunion, ice compress, the use of various medical aids on the feet, which can be pads, tape / bandages, or splints, to restore the position and angle of the thumb joint, and reduce the pressure and pain caused.
Bunion treatment include bunion injection. Bunion Injection will help to reduce the inflammation in the joint.
However, if the above treatments are unable to cope or ease bunion symptoms, then the last action is through surgical procedure.
Bunion Surgery Singapore
According to Bunion Specialist Singapore, the steps of a bunion operation consist of:
An operating procedure to remove or remove tissue around the big toe which is a source of inflammation.
Straighten the position of the great toe by removing certain parts of the bone.
Perform rearrangement of the leg bones that extends from the back of the foot to the thumb, while also re-normalizing the angle of the problematic great toe bone.
The process of uniting the bones in the joints that are also inflamed. ]