Having shoulder dislocation? What are the common causes shoulder dislocation? What is shoulder dislocation? Shoulder dislocation is a condition when the upper arm bone comes out of its protective bowl. In some cases, the surrounding tissue can become severely attracted or torn.
The bullet joints on the shoulder are located inside a small protective bowl (socket). This makes your shoulder move freely in all directions, while also making its position unstable, making it easy to experience dislocation.
Shoulder dislocation generally occurs in the anterior (front) section. Most cases occur in the elderly who fall with the arms away from the body (abduction). In this condition, the head of the humerus (long bones of the arm) is pulled forward, so that it exits the glenohumeral joint (the joint between the shoulder and upper arm). This shoulder dislocation can also be accompanied by fractures of the humerus bones simultaneously.
5 Causes Shoulder Dislocation
When the shoulder shifts or dislocates the shoulder, unexpected physical events occur. Not caused by infection or abnormalities or certain diseases. Generally, shoulder dislocation occurs due to several things below, namely:
1. Shoulder Sports Injury
There are various types of sports that can cause shoulder ligament injuries. Sports that use a lot of hands as the main tool in games and sports that are at risk of falling. Examples of sports that have a risk of falling and dislocating the shoulder include skiing, gymnastics, volleyball, soccer, and basketball.
The game of soccer and basketball is often dislocated, both because it intersects with fellow players and how to catch the wrong ball. Meanwhile, sports that use a lot of hands and may be the cause of dislocation are tennis, badminton, and hockey.
2. Shoulder Trauma
This cause is actually almost the same as a sports injury, but does not occur during sports. Shoulder dislocation due to trauma occurs when the shoulder experiences a hard impact, such as falling from a ladder, accidentally bumping into something, falling from a motorcycle, or slipping on a slippery floor. Trauma is the most likely cause of dislocation. Because this can happen to anyone, and at any age. Even so, older people will be more vulnerable to trauma.
3. Shoulder Ligament damage
Damaged or torn articular ligaments and capsules cause dislocation of the shoulder. Because the two things are the main components and vital components connecting the bones.
4. Fall on the hand
Falling on the hands is different from trauma. Fall on the hands actually do not hit the shoulders, fall on the hands. In this condition, the humerus is also pushed forward to tear the articular capsule and sometimes the posterolateral part is destroyed. Although rare, this condition can cause the processus acromion to be able to bring the capsule down, and can cause luxation or dislocation.
5. Hypermobile Joint
Shoulder dislocation that often occurs in people who are very active is joint hypermobility. Most often occurs in men aged around 20 years and doing a lot of physical activity. Due to heavy joint work (fatigue) and unstable position, this condition can be a cause of shoulder dislocation.
Shoulder dislocation that is not treated immediately will usually result in joint stiffness. Especially in people who are 40 years old, because the joints and bones are no longer fully functional and vulnerable. Joint stiffness results in prolonged treatment and cannot return to normal function. This joint stiffness is called a dislocation fracture.
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