What causes swollen knee? What are swollen knee specialist clinic treatment? Swollen knees pain or swelling knee pain can occur when there is an increase in fluid around the knee joint and this condition can affect anyone regardless of age. Excessive fluid in the knee can be caused by untreated wounds, severe impact on the knee, or certain diseases.
The risk of knee swelling will usually be experienced by elderly people. Sports activities that do a lot of twisting movements on the knees, for example when playing basketball that makes the knee injured and lead to swollen knees. Not only that, people who are overweight or obese are also at risk of experiencing this kind of injury.
What Causes Swollen Knee?
Many things can cause the knee to experience injury or swelling. For that, you have to know what causes it to avoid swollen knees. Generally, sprains or sprains can be the cause of swollen knees. This condition occurs when a dislocated knee ligament is characterised by the appearance of pain in the knee, swelling, which can cause difficulty walking.
In addition to knee sprains, the following conditions can cause swollen knees, including:
Swollen knee caused by knee ligament sprain
Movement that gives a collision to the knee or a sudden circular motion can injure the knee ligament. This will lead to symptoms of swelling knee pain, knee pain and difficulty walking.
Swollen knee caused by knee arthritis
Arthritis infections are arthritis caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. These microorganisms will infect tissues and fluids around the associated joints. This infection is usually preceded by infection in other parts of the body that occurred before. In addition to knees, shoulders, ankles, waist and wrists are joints that are often affected by this condition.
Swollen knee caused by knee osteoarthritis
Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative process in the bone, which is when the cartilage in the joint gradually undergoes erosion due to the effects of ageing. In addition, injuries that occur repeatedly in the knee or are overweight can cause injury or excessive pressure on the joint resulting in osteoarthritis.
Swollen knee caused by Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis will damage the knee due to the inflammation of the joints it causes so that it risks causing damage to cartilage in the knee.
Swollen knee treatments at home
Going to the doctor is the right step to deal with swollen knees. But before, there are steps you can take at home to reduce pain or reduce swelling in the knee. The following are things you can do at home when your knee is injured or swollen:
Compress with ice
Compress the injured knee with ice to minimise the risk of swelling getting worse. It is recommended to compress for 10-20 minutes at least three times a day. If you have just suffered an injury, you are advised to avoid taking a hot shower for the first 48 hours. Likewise, do not compress swollen knees with hot packs.
Protect the part of the knee that has been injured. Stop activities that can cause pain or knee pain to arise. When resting, support the injured knee with a pillow.
Bandage of injured knees with elastic bandages to reduce swelling. However, do not bandage the injured part too tight because it can make the swelling worse. Notice if suddenly the knee feels numb, pain, tingling, until swelling appears below the bandaged area because it means the bandage bond is too tight. Loosen a little to keep blood flowing smoothly.
When lying down, try to get the knee position swollen or injured in a higher position by placing the cushion as a support under the knee.
Smoking can slow down the healing process because it can inhibit blood flow and slow tissue repair. Because of this, it’s good not to smoke at least until the injury has fully recovered.
Swollen knee or knee injury can be experienced by anyone, but that does not mean that you cannot prevent this condition. One thing you can do is to strengthen the muscles that support the knee joint. In addition, for those of you who are overweight or obese, start reducing fatty foods and regularly get used to exercising to lose excess weight. It never hurts to vary your physical activity with a form of exercise that does not place a load on the knee joint continuously, such as swimming.
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