Cellulitis is an infection or inflammatory disease tissue area under the skin (subcutaneous). If the disease is left untreated the bacteria will spread to other areas of the body, but most often these bacteria invade the face and lower limbs.
Causes of Cellulitis
Cellulitis is caused by the bacterium S. aureus or Streptococcus is the most common. Under normal circumstances, there are various kinds of skin bacteria. but intact skin is an effective barrier and hygiene, which can prevent the growth of bacteria or log on and in our bodies. If the skin is injured, the bacteria can enter and multiply in the body, which can lead to infection and inflammation.
Signs and Symptoms of Cellulitis
Early symptoms such as malaise, chills, and fever are sudden before the lesions, redness in the face or lower legs. If you have an infection can be found tiny fluid-filled blisters (vesicles) or large fluid-filled blisters (bullae) will feel hot and swollen, and the skin looks like orange peel (peau d’orange), painful lesions when exposed to palpation, swelling of the glands lymph nodes and there may be a history of trauma or other underlying skin disease.
Diagnosis of Cellulitis
On physical examination will be found localized areas of swelling (edema), sometimes found swollen lymph nodes.
In the results of blood tests showed an increase in the number of white blood cells and a bacterial infection.
If necessary, it can be done blood cultures.
Handling of Cellulitis
General: Rest the affected extremity infections
Symptomatic: Compress with antiseptic solution, or to clean up necrotic, irrigation with sterile saline. Give Analgesic bia necessary.
Causative: For antibiotic should consult with your doctor.
Prevention of Cellulitis
To avoid skin irritation while working or exercising, use proper protective.
Keep health and hygiene.
With a healthy body will be easier to fight the bacteria before they multiply and cause infection, whereas a weak body had a bad infection defence.