Knee pain can happen to adults and children. Especially children who are active, so they often fall and have injuries to their joints or muscles. What are the causes of knee joint pain in children and how to treat it? Looking for children knee pain specialist for an effective treatment for knee pain? The most common cause of children knee pain is Osgood Schlatter Disease.
What is Osgood Schlatter Disease?
Osgood Schlatter Disease is a common cause of knee pain in adolescents who are experiencing growth. This condition is caused by inflammation in the area just below the knee where tendons from the kneecap (patellar tendon) attach to the shin (tibia).
This condition is commonly experienced in adolescents who are active in athletic exercise because physical activity puts additional stress on bones and muscles. When the child is actively moving, the quadriceps muscle pulls on the patellar tendon which then pulls the tibial tubercle, the protrusion of the bones in the upper shin. In some children, this repeated pull causes swelling or bulges in this area.
Osgood Schlatter Disease Symptoms
Symptoms that are often complained of by people usually are pain in the tibial tubercle. This pain usually gets worse when the person straightens the leg. The tibial tubercle feels soft to the touch and from time to time begins to bulge because chronic inflammation stimulates the bones to grow. Sometimes the sufferer will also complain of pain when running, jumping, or doing other sports.
Osgood Schlatter Disease Risk Factor
Several factors can affect your risk of Osgood-Schlatter, namely:
Age. This disease that attacks the knee usually occurs at puberty. Puberty depends on gender because men and women have different puberty ages. So, this disease occurs more often earlier in adolescent girls aged 11-12 years, whereas in adolescent boys usually at the age of 13-14 years
Gender. This disease is more common in young men. However, for toddlers and people who are actively exercising, both genders have the same possibility
Sports. The disease occurs in sports movements such as running, jumping, and sudden changes in movements
Osgood Schlatter Disease Causes
The cause of this disease is if someone is doing sports activities that are too hard so that it disrupts the muscular and bone system even though both of them have not developed sufficiently strong yet. These activities cause injuries to the knee.
Osgood Schlatter Disease Diagnosis
Our doctor will conduct examination in an integrated manner and then will do a physical examination. If it is needed, the doctor will usually recommend supporting examinations such as X-rays in the knee to help confirm the diagnosis.
Osgood Schlatter Disease Treatment
Osgood-Schlatter’s disease is a condition that usually subsides when the tibial tubercle stops growing at the end of adolescence (17 years in men and 15 years in women). To treat this knee disease, you can do PRICE treatment, which consists of:
Protection. Protection that is to protect the injured area, can use elastic bandages.
Rest. Rest is resting the affected area.
Icing. Icing is compressing the injured area using ice cubes. This treatment is important because usually the acute injury is inflamed until it is swollen and feels hot. Compress with ice for 5 minutes every 4 hours. Swollen injury areas should not be smeared with balm, because it will make the injured area hotter. Given the balm is hot and can dilate blood vessels. However, if the aching body parts are smeared with balm, this is not a problem.
Compression. What is meant by compression is to put a little pressure when you are compressing an injured area with ice.
Elevation. Elevation is lifting the injured part higher than the heart until the swelling is deflated.
People with NSAIDs can also be given drugs to minimize acute pain due to activity. Physical therapy can also be done to identify limitations so that sufferers can reduce pressure on the tibial tubercle. This therapy usually includes hip strength training. In severe cases, splinting the knee for several weeks can help reduce pain and stop the inflammation cycle.