Athletes often get used to feeling little aches and pains on occasion, but some minor discomfort may actually be a more serious injury. Here are some of the most common sports injuries, broken down by sport, along with treatment and prevention types.

Common Skiing / Snowboarding injury

Both skiing and snowboarding can result in sports injuries, but they tend to have slightly different injury patterns. Skiers are more likely to have knee injuries (from twisting motion during falls), and snowboarders tend to have more upper body injuries (as a result of falling on an outstretched hand). There are also many injuries common to both types of winter athletes.

Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL/PCL) Injuries

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four major ligaments that provide stability to the knee joint. ACL injuries are most common during sports that require a sudden change of direction, sudden, abrupt stops and starts and lots of jumping.

Treatments for ACL & PCL Tears

Incomplete ACL and PCL tears are treated conservatively to allow the body to hear on its own. Rest, ice, compression and elevation are the immediate treatment. Anti-inflammatory medications and Nsaids can help reduce pain. Physical therapy is often recommended to regain and build muscle strength over time. The most common treatment for a torn ACL is arthroscopic surgery and ACL reconstruction.

Dr Kevin M H Yip, MBBS (UK), FRCS (EDIN), FAM (SING), FHKCOS (ORTHO)

Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic

Senior Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

Tel: (65) 64762106

Email: service@SingaporeSportsClinic.com

URL: www.SingaporeSportsClinic.com

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