Athletes often get used to feeling little aches and pains on occasion, but some minor discomfort may actually be a more serious injury. Here are some of the most common sports injuries, broken down by sport, along with treatment and prevention types.
Common Tennis injury
Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they aren’t treated early.
Medial Epicondylitis, also referred to as tennis elbow and is considered a cumulative trauma injury. It is thought that over time, repeated use of the muscles of the arm and forearm may lead to small tears in the tendons. The muscles that are used to pull the hand down (wrist flexors) are located on the palm side of the forearm. These muscles attach to the common flexor tendon, which attaches to the medial epicondyle (on the inside of the elbow). When the wrist flexors are overused, the common flexor tendon becomes inflammation and painful.
Pain on the inside of the elbow, usually during or after intense use, usually indicates medial epicondylitis. Because this occurs often in golfers it has become known as ‘golfer’s elbow‘
Treatments for Medial Epicondylitis
Using the R.I.C.E method (rest, ice, compression, and elevation), Anti-inflammatory medication, injection, Shockwave therapy, If nonsurgical forms of treatment do not eliminate the pain of this condition, surgery may be recommended.
Dr Kevin M H Yip, MBBS (UK), FRCS (EDIN), FAM (SING), FHKCOS (ORTHO)
Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic
Senior Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
Tel: (65) 6476 2106
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