Injuries that often occur on the elbows:
1. Lateral epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
Tennis Elbow is a common elbow injuries. A condition that often occurs with symptoms of pain and pain in the outside of the elbow position, exactly the humeral lateral epicondyle. It usually occurs due to blow back hand top spin constantly, so it is over use.
The etiology of tennis elbow is unclear. Many experts consider that the movement constantly and intensively in bentk pronation and supination with the hand holding the racket shaft, causing strain over the extensor muscles of the forearm that berorigo the humeral lateral epicondyle.
The pull of the muscles will cause micro-trauma that the longer the overlap into macro trauma, and eventually lead to tennis elbow.
Some also considered caused by inflammation (inflammatory) periosteum covering the humeral lateral epicondyle. Inflammation is due to the constant pull of the extensor muscles of the forearm that berorigo the humeral lateral epicondyle.
Tennis elbow is not solely occur in tennis players, but can occur at branch weightlifting, even housewives or seller of mostly bottled drinks uncorked the bottle.
Factors that facilitate the occurrence of tennis elbow:
- The size of the racket shaft
- The tension of racket strings that do not comply
- The quality does not match ball
- Heavy and light racket is.
This disease occurs slowly and be progressive. The early home treatment can be done by heat treatment or other physiotherapy, such as massage, but at first give a cold compress / ice. If the symptoms persist, seeking professional treatment will be advised as prolonged pain to the elbow may affect daily activities.
2. Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow)
Medical Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow) is similar to tennis elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) and also a common elbow injuries. Affected here is the humeral medial epicondyle. Regarding pathophysiology is similar to tennis elbow, it’s just the experience of micro-trauma is the origin of the muscles that perform flexion of the forearm, so that berorigo on medialais humeral epicondyle. Golfer’s elbow is usually suffered by golfers, but also other types of sports players can experience, including pain in the inner elbow.