What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia or fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic disease that makes sufferers experience pain throughout the body.
Fibromyalgia can be experienced by anyone, including children. But most sufferers are between 30 and 50 years old. In addition, women have a higher risk of getting this disease compared to men.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
The main symptom of fibromyalgia is pain that spreads throughout the body. This pain can be a burning sensation, such as stabbing, or blunt pain that can continue to be felt for at least 12 weeks.
These indications will continue continuously with the severity that might change. Sometimes it can also be accompanied by other symptoms which include:
- The body is very sensitive to pain.
- Stiff muscles. Sleeplessness and fatigue.
- Pain due to fibromyalgia will cause the patient to have trouble sleeping so that it will trigger fatigue.
- Cognitive disorders, such as difficulty concentrating or remembering something.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Irritable bowel syndrome.
- Menstruation is accompanied by severe pain.
- Hot or cold. This symptom occurs because the patient is unable to regulate body temperature.
The severity of fibromyalgia symptoms generally varies in each patient. This difference can be triggered by the level of stress experienced by the sufferer, the number of activities carried out by the patient, as well as weather changes.
Causes and Risk Factors for Fibromyalgia
The cause behind fibromyalgia is not known with certainty, but experts suspect there are a number of factors that can trigger this condition. These trigger factors are:
- Age. This condition is generally experienced by people aged 30-50 years.
- Gender. Women have a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia than men.
- Abnormal levels of compounds in the central nervous system. This change can cause a central nervous system reaction that is more sensitive to pain signals.
- Heredity. A person’s risk of having fibromyalgia can increase if you have a family member who suffers from the same condition.
- Physical or emotional trauma, for example experiencing an injury, undergoing surgery, suffering from a viral infection, or experiencing a traumatic event.
- Unbalanced chemical compounds in the brain, such as serotonin or dopamine.
- Sleep disorders. Insomniacs have the potential to have a higher sensitivity to pain.
- Diseases associated with joints, muscles and bones. For example, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or osteoarthritis.
Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a disease that is difficult to diagnose because its symptoms tend to be similar to other diseases. Special diagnostic procedures for this disease have not been found.
Doctors will generally ask for the symptoms experienced by the patient before examining the patient’s health condition.
Some criteria that can generally be used to help diagnose include:
- The patient experiences the same symptom severity, for at least 12 weeks.
- No other causes were found.
- The patient experiences pain, at least in 4 to 6 parts of his body.
The doctor will then recommend a number of examinations that can remove the possibility of other illnesses suffered by the patient before confirming the diagnosis, such as blood tests and X-rays.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that cannot be cured. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms so as not to impede the daily lives of patients.
At Fibromyalgia Specialist Clinic, Fibromyalgia treatment is different for each patient, but generally includes:
- Use of medications, for example painkillers, antidepressants, and anticoagulants. If needed, doctors can also provide muscle relaxants, tranquilizers, or sleeping pills to improve sleep quality of patients.
- Psychological therapy, for example cognitive behavioural therapy. Counsellors can help sufferers find strategies to deal with stress that is triggered or trigger this condition.
- Physical therapy to relieve pain, such as relaxation techniques and light exercise or swimming in warm water.
Looking for Fibromyalgia Specialist Clinic for treatments? Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment today.