It’s easy to take your feet for granted. Day after day they perform without a hitch until one day when something is not right. Sitting in the office one day and busy foot disease experts supervise people limping in on crutches, cane splints and bandages, and you will soon get the drift problem
Problems with the feet can be categorized in several ways. One category will be trauma, which would include broken bones, sprains, abrasions and other soft tissue injuries. A second category of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or gout. A third category would be a mechanical problem of a non-traumatic as bunions, tendonitis, or flat feet. A fourth category is the issue of blood vessels and nerves as occurs with diabetes or peripheral arterial disease, or both. A final category may miscellaneous category, which would include plantar warts, toenail disorders, and calluses, as well as dermatological conditions such as athlete’s foot and toenail disorders.
1) Trauma, Fracture
Leg fractures may result from a direct blow and crushing injuries, as well as from looking into or out of excessive foot. Every time the foot was swollen and painful after the injury, fracture evaluation with x-rays must be achieved. All the bones in the foot are joined together by ligaments that are susceptible to strains and tears. Ligaments do not show directly on the x-ray, but sometimes there is the conclusion of a sprain or strain when the bone spaces dilated or displaced. When broken bones and sprains occur, there can be an injury to the nerves, arteries, and other soft tissues that should be sought and treated. Leg fractures are most often treated with casts and splints, but open fractures are more severe and may require surgical intervention.
2) Osteoarthritis, Arthritis
The second category of problems is an inflammatory condition of the foot with subsequent joint dysfunction. Legs are prone to osteoarthritis, the wear and tear arthritis, chronic function of their weight-bearing. About rheumatoid arthritis, an auto-immune disorder, nine out of ten sufferers finally get the condition diagnosed at their feet. It causes stiffness, pain, and swelling, and ultimately leads to great difficulty walking. Other forms of arthritis that can affect the foot is gout, psoriatic arthritis, Reiter’s syndrome, and ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment of foot disorders involve specific systemic treatment for the underlying medical problem.
A third category of painful foot problem is a mechanical disorder of non-traumatic. One such problem is the bunion. Bone at the base of the big toe began to swell as the toes of the other foot deviates outward. This makes it very difficult to fit regular shoes and cause painful walking. Surgical treatment is often with a bunionectomy. Other abnormalities include finger deformation hammer, claw legs, and feet flat. Treatment often special shoes, although sometimes surgery is an option.
4) Diabetes and Peripheral arterial disease
A fourth category is visible problems with leg circulation disorders such as diabetes and peripheral arterial disease. The main manifestations are leg ulcers which are very difficult to cure. The foot ulcer can enlarge or go progressively deeper, or it can lead to gangrene and amputation. Also abnormal sensory nerve function in diabetes, so the sensation of normal foot weight-bearing disrupted, and damage ensues recognized. Peripheral artery disease is treated either with vasodilating drugs, or obstruction stenting or bypass surgery to restore normal blood flow. Diabetic foot ulcers treated with careful control of blood sugar, debridement of the wound area, and maximal blood flow recovery.
The fifth category is the other foot conditions such as those affecting the nails and skin. Athlete’s foot is a common condition that is caused by a fungus that grows on the skin between the toes. Because shoed feet moist, dark, and warm, ideal conditions for mold growth are created. It is usually treated with an antifungal cream or solution, along with an antifungal powder to dry feet. The same condition is true for nails, however, the fungus can be present for many years and require several weeks of oral antifungal treatment.
The purpose of this article is to provide an outline of common foot disorders. The key message is to take care of foot problems when they arise in a timely manner so that they do not become worse. You wheel your feet, and if they do not work as they should, you are punished. Be sure to discuss foot problems you may be having with your doctor. This is especially true if your foot problems associated with chronic medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or peripheral arterial disease.
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