Foot Problems: Recognise Foot Problems In Children
The human foot is a very complex part of the body and legs of the body part that is soft and pliable, so abnormal pressures can easily cause the foot to deform. A child’s foot grows rapidly during the first year, reaching almost half their adult foot size.
The Child’s Foot
In the first year can be very important in the development of the child’s foot kaki.Gangguan initially mild and unconscious. but with the growth of the age and weight of the child who initially mild foot problems can affect a variety of other issues. Among them: foot pain, joint pain, leg shape is not symmetrical, easy to fall, easy to stumble and a variety of other impacts
Foot Problems in Children that causes Foot Pain
Growing Pain or foot pain in children is not common symptom in children than in adults because of the flexibility and robustness of the network. Ingrown toenails can occur and may require treatment. Non-specific foot pain is a common complaint of children, often causes deep pain such as leg pain at night. There are some specific causes of illness arise, especially in the heel, called Sever’s disease or calcaneal apophysitis and in the knee, where it is called Osgood-schlatters disease. Clubfoot is a relatively rare deformity at birth that can still cause problems at a later date after the correction. Feet that sweat a lot or have smelly feet can also be a problem in older children.
Flexible flatfoot or pronated feet in children usually do not cause pain in young children, but it can not hurt, especially if the child is overweight or more. In very young children, there is often a ‘fat pad’ in the arch of the foot that give the appearance of flat feet, if not. If the foot well into the roll at the ankle (pronates), then this may be a concern. In most cases, most will grow out of it, but some do not. Treatment with foot orthotics indicated if severe, symptoms are caused and if both parents have flat feet, as it indicates that they may be less likely to grow out of it.
Importance of Footwear
Many problems in foot adults can have their origins in childhood, so attention to footwear in children can minimize the risk of these problems in adults. Shoe size does not fit can cause a number of problems in later adulthood. Given the high level of pain and discomfort that this problem may cause a variety of problems in akaki. Foot problems in children are usually preventable with appropriate footwear and appropriate.
In-toe and out-toe walking in children:
In-toeing means that the foot ot feet points inwards instead of pointing straight ahead when walking. A common problem with children with in-toeing is that they can trip more often than other children. Most will probably outgrow the condition naturally. If in-toeing does persistent or is causing problems, special shoes, stretching exercises or other treatments could be needed. By about age 2, most children walk with their feet pointing straight ahead or slightly outward. Parents or other family members often worry about the way a child walks.
By age 2, most kids will walk with their toes pointed slightly outward. If the feet angle is excessively outwards, this is called out-toeing. It is not as common as in-toeing, but in most cases, it is also just part of normal development.
Often just reassurance is needed if a child is out-toeing or in-toeing, with treatment reserved for the persistent and severe cases. Sometimes the in-toeing and out-toeing does put abnormal pressures on the foot structure and function, so special shoes or foot supports may be required to protect the foot.
Toe walking in children:
Toe walking (equinus gait) is usually normal in children, especially if they are just beginning to learn how to walk and everything else is normal. However, it can be a sign of a condition that needs further investigation (especially if the ankle joint range of motion is limited). Most cases of toe-walking are just a habit and the child will grow out of it. Toe walking can be caused by neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, leg length differences, spinal cord abnormalities and achilles tendon shortness. If its a mild shortness, stretching exercises and/or physical therapy may be necessary. If the toe walking is more severe or persistent, then consideration needs to be given to casting, botox injections or surgery. All cases of toe walking should be evaluated to rule out the causes other than just habit.