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A hamstring injury is a condition when a person experiences a tug or a tear in a hamstring muscle. This injury is commonly experienced by athletes, and can be divided into three levels, namely:
Level 1 of hamstring injury: mild tug on the hamstring muscle.
Level 2 of hamstring injury: rips on some hamstring muscles.
Level 3 of hamstring injury: rips on all parts of the hamstring muscle.
Hamstrings are three large muscles that function to connect the muscles and bones, located behind the thighs, extending from the hips to the bottom of the knee. Hamstrings are not very used when standing or walking, but will be very active during activities involving knee bending movements, such as climbing, jumping, and running.
Hamstring injuries usually cause pain with a torn or broken sensation at the back of the thigh suddenly. Swelling, pain, and bruising may also appear on the back of the thigh as muscle weakening and loss of weight-bearing ability on the injured part.
Cause of Hamstring Injury
The main cause of hamstring injury is because the hamstring muscle stretches beyond its limit when performing certain activities, such as running or jumping.
Several factors may increase the risk of hamstring injury, among which are:
Sports. Sports activities, such as running, are at risk of causing hamstring injuries.
History of hamstring injury. A person who has a hamstring injury is more at risk to experience it again.
Muscle flexibility is bad. This condition makes the muscle can not withstand the burden or pressure while doing the activity.
Unbalanced muscle development. Some experts argue that hamstring injuries are susceptible if the quadriceps muscle is stronger than the hamstring muscle.
Diagnosis of Hamstring Injury
How does our doctor diagnose of hamstring injury? The doctor will perform a physical exam to determine the pain and swelling of the injured thigh. The area of pain and the level of pain in the patient will help the doctor to conclude the type of injury suffered. The doctor will also move the injured patient’s legs in different directions, to show the damaged muscle and whether the patient also has ligament or tendon injury.
In severe hamstring injury conditions, muscles can tear or apart from parts attached to the bone. Ultrasound or MRI can see a tear in the muscle. Sometimes muscles released from the bone result in a small amount of bone involved, resulting in fractures. X-rays can see the broken bone.
Prevention of Hamstring Injuries
Hamstring injuries are more easily prevented than treated.
Do the following to avoid a hamstring injury:
Stretch and strengthen hamstring exercises regularly as a precaution.
Warm up before doing sports activities and stretch afterwards.
Increased intensity of exercise is done slowly.
Stop the exercise if you feel pain in the back of the thigh.
Treatments for Hamstring Injury
For hamstring injury treatment, the doctor will suggest the following to reduce pain and swelling:
–Total rest to avoid excessive activity on the hamstring injured area. If possible, when lying put the injured hamstring higher than the heart to reduce swelling.
–Use a tool, such as a cane, so that the injured hamstring does not hold too much weight.
–Cold compress on the injured leg part to reduce pain and swelling. Do it several times a day.
–Wrap the injured hamstring with a bandage to reduce the swelling.
–Consumption of painkillers to reduce pain and swelling.
–Physiotherapy with ultrasound will help for hamstring injury treatment.