Head Injury Treatment
Head Injury Treatment will be treated according to the level of injury suffered by the patient. In general, our neurosurgeon, Dr Mathew Tung will assist with the administration of medication, therapy, or perform surgery if necessary.
Patients with mild head injury usually do not require special medical treatment because the condition can be improved by resting. To relieve pain, patients are encouraged to take paracetamol. It is advisable not to take anti inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, without doctor’s instructions because it is feared to increase the potential for bleeding in the brain.
If the head injury is moderate or severe, the doctor will provide anticoagulants to reduce the risk of convulsions that usually occur a week after trauma to relieve pressure in the brain by removing fluids from the body.
In severe cases, such as damage to the blood vessels, the doctor may provide a sedative that can keep the patient into a comatose induced condition (induced coma). This is done to relieve the pressure and workload of the brain that can not receive oxygen and nutrients as usual.
Therapy for Head Injury Treatment
For patients with moderate to severe head injury, therapy or rehabilitation may be necessary to improve and restore physical condition and nerve function. A series of commonly recommended therapies include:
Physiotherapy to restore post-traumatic body function.
Nerve therapy to help improve cognitive dysfunction of patients and train patients in controlling emotions and behaviour.
Occupational therapy to help patients re-adjust in daily work.
Speech therapy to help improve speech and communicate.
Recreational therapy to train patients to enjoy leisure time and develop social relations skills through fun activities.
Doctors will usually educate the family and relatives of patients on advanced therapy that can be done at home after the patient is discharged from the hospital.
Operations for Head Injury Treatment
Operative measures are generally recommended in emergency situations to avoid further damage to the patient’s brain tissue. Some commonly used actions are:
Open the skull bone. This action is done to relieve pressure on the brain as well as by removing cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), thus providing room for swelling of the brain tissue.
Lifting blood clots (haematoma). This action is performed to address the emphasis on the brain by blood clots.
Fixed a broken skull bone. This action is performed to repair severe fracture damage.
Head Injury Complications
Moderate to severe head injuries are particularly susceptible to complications, either shortly after trauma or weeks later if not treated properly. Some of the complications that can occur are:
Decreased consciousness, such as decreased awareness to coma, brain death, locked-in syndrome, and condition.
Nerve damage that can trigger other problems such as facial muscle paralysis, double vision to lose sight, difficulty swallowing, and damage to the sense of smell.
Damage to blood vessels that potentially trigger stroke and blood clotting.
Infection due to bacteria entering between the wound or broken bone. If left untreated, this condition can attack other nervous systems and cause meningitis.
Containment of brain fluid in which cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the brain’s ventricular space and causes increased brain pressure.
Brain degeneration disease, including pugilistic dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease.
Head Injury Prevention
Prevention of head injury can be done with the following steps:
–> Use safety tools when doing sports, such as football, cycling, diving, boxing, and so on.
–> Always use a safety device, such as a seat belt or a helmet, while driving. Avoid alcohol before to avoid accidents.
–> Install iron handles in the bathroom and side stairs to reduce the risk of slipping.
–> Ensure the floor is always dry and not slippery.
–> Install good lighting throughout the house.
–> Check eye condition regularly.
–> Exercise regularly to stretch the muscles.
Children are also prone to head injuries while playing. Here are the steps you can take to prevent accidents from happening:
–> Install the door in front of the stairs and be locked when there is no supervisor.
–> Install a window with rail, especially if you live in an apartment or house level.
–> Put a dry mat in front of the bathroom door to avoid slipping.
The most important thing is always keep an eye on your child and make sure they play in a safe way.e