What is Herniated Disc Specialist Clinic?
According to Herniated Disc Specialist, herniated disc or as known as Herniated nucleus pulposus is a condition when one of the cartilage or discs (cartilage) of the cartilage protrudes out and pinches the nerve. This disease is often referred to by laypeople as pinched nerves.
Herniated Disc Symptoms
Not all people with Herniated Disc feel certain symptoms and only know them when doing a scan test. However, most people with symptoms usually experience: Pain in the feet or shoulders with an intensity that can increase when coughing, sneezing, or moving in certain positions. Weakening of muscle function, thereby reducing the ability of sufferers in moving, bending, or moving things.
Some points of the body experience a sensation of pins and needles or stiffness. Usually around the back, shoulders, hands, legs and feet. These symptoms are sometimes felt also by people with mild back pain due to sprains or twists.
Herniated Disc Causes
Herniated Disc causes include History of trauma, Work history that requires heavy lifting, sitting and driving for long periods of time. Frequent bowing. Body position when walking. Degenerative process (ages 30-50 years). Spinal Structure. Weakening of the abdominal muscles, and spine.
Herniated Disc Risk Factor
Some things that can increase a person’s risk of developing herniated disc such as:
Genetics. Conditions inherited from one family member who has a history of herniated disc.
Obesity. Emphasis on the backbone due to excess body weight.
Smoke. Cigarette smoke can reduce oxygen levels in the disc and increase the risk of erosion of the spine.
Lifting heavy loads. Someone who often lifts or pushes a heavy burden repeatedly with the wrong posture, has the potential to experience herniated disc.
Herniated Disc Diagnosis
Our Herniated Disc Specialist usually determine the diagnosis of herniated disc disease from symptoms and history of the disease. Physical examination is carried out to check body posture, reflexes, muscle strength, ability to walk, and sensations from the apparatus of motion, such as pain, tingling or numbness.
Investigations to provide a picture of the bones and spinal muscles and show the damaged area. Tests include: X-rays, CT scans, MRI.
Herniated Disc Treatments
Herniated Disc Treatment varies from conservative to surgery. Treatment depends on how severe the symptoms are and how far the discs stick out. Herniated Disc Treatments include physiotherapy, injection, surgery.
Read More: Back Pain Treatment Options
Physiotherapy for Herniated Disc
Most people with herniated disc will improve by doing physiotherapy including stretching and strengthening the spine and surrounding muscles.
Preferably, the person also avoids positions that cause pain and avoids lifting heavy loads. However, keep on trying to be active because being inactive can cause muscle weakness and joint stiffness.
Medications for Herniated Disc
Medications for Herniated Disc include anti-inflammatory, pain killer and nerve regeneration medication.
Surgery for Herniated Disc
Surgery for Herniated Disc can be done if symptoms do not improve within 6 weeks or when the hernia affects the functioning of the muscles. Surgery for Herniated Disc include microdiscectomy or laminectomy.
Microdiscectomy is the procedure where the surgeon will take out the discs that are protruding or damaged without taking out the entire disc.
Laminectomy is the procedure where the surgeon replace the discs with artificial ones and join the spine.
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