Knee Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

The most common type of knee arthritis is osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease, which is caused by wear-and-tear on. Osteoarthritis of the knee joint causes progressive wearing away of the cartilage around the knee joint. Currently the protective cartilage worn away by knee arthritis, bare bone is exposed in the joint. It is very painful and can become so debilitating that patients are barely able to stand or walk for a long time.

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Knee Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

What Causes Knee Arthritis?

  • Knee Arthritis commonly afflict patients over age 50 who are overweight.
  • Genetic predisposition can also be a cause of chronic conditions.

Other risk factors that may contribute to developing knee arthritis include:

  • Trauma knee.
  • Meniscus tears or ligament damage.
  • A fracture in the bone around the joint.

Knee Arthritis Symptoms:

Knee arthritis symptoms tend to progress as the condition worsens and can be exacerbated by climate change and the stress on the knee joint. Pain may arise intermittedly, with weeks or months of pain free, followed by a very painful flare-ups.

Some of the most common symptoms of knee arthritis include:

  • Pain with activity.
  • Limited range of motion.
  • Knee stiffness.
  • Swelling of joints.
  • Tenderness along the joints.
  • Feeling joint may “give”.
  • Joint deformity (knock-knees or bow-legs).

Knee Arthritis Diagnose:

Evaluation of patients with knee arthritis should begin with a physical examination and X-Rays. It can serve as a basis for evaluating and determining the exam later developments.

Treating Knee Arthritis?

Treatment for knee arthritis range from simple life changes and medications to injections at the site and even surgery to completely replace the knee. Each patient is different and must determine their course of treatment by an orthopedist who specializes in knee osteoarthritis.

Some basic maintenance to start with include:

  • Weight Loss: Carrying excess weight can cause serious damage to the knee joint is weakened by placing undo stress on the knee. The pain can be excruciating for obese patients suffering from knee arthritis.
  • Activity Modification: Limiting certain activities may be required, and the methods of learning new exercises can help. Those who find it too painful to exercise, may find water therapy because the buoyancy of water helps relieve stress on the knees and joints while exercising.
  • Walking Aids: Using a cane or crutch in the hand opposite the affected knee can help reduce the demand placed on arthritic joints.
  • Physical Therapy: Reducing the load on the knee by strengthening the muscles around the knee joint can help reduce both pain and swelling. Appropriate Physical Therapy can also help prevent atrophy of the muscles around the knee, which is an important part of maintaining functional use of the knee.
  • Occupational Therapy: Some patients have found short stints occupational therapy help in learning the proper way to stand, sit, bend, and so after the atrophy of the muscles around the knee began to affect the range of motion,

Knee arthritis can be very difficult to deal with many patients as they can be very limited mobility once the disease progresses. Starting treatment early, and learn the proper way to treat a damaged knee is all important in maintaining an active lifestyle despite the disease.

Need Consultation for Knee Arthritis?  Please contact us by calling (65) 64762106 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our professional orthopaedic specialist, Dr. Kevin Yip, has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.

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