Knee Ligament Injury
Ligaments are strong cable network that holds the joints together and connect them to the adjacent bone. There are four ligaments in the knee:
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
Every one of the ligament, or a combination of them, can be stretched, or partially or completely torn.
What are the common symptoms and complications of collateral knee ligament injury?
Damage to the MCL will cause pain on the inside edge of the knee and in some cases there will be swelling. Partial or complete tear will cause more severe pain and swelling.
LCL damage causes pain and tenderness on the outer edge of the knee and there may also be swelling.
What causes knee ligament injuries and who is at risk?
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) runs from the bottom of the back of the thigh bone (femur) to the front of the dry bones (tibia). Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) runs from the front of the bottom of the femur on the tibia backward. They cross each other, forming an ‘X’.
These ligaments can be injured by: coming to a halt, especially when running, changing direction while running, pivoting or landing from a jump,
running downhill, twisting the knee, the knee joint stretching Blows too far to the right or left, to the knee. PCL is stronger than the ACL and therefore less prone to injury. ACL damage, on the other hand, is one of the most common sports injury knee.
What are the common symptoms and complications of knee ligament injury?
When you damage the ACL, it is common to hear different voices emerging. You can feel the beat of something in the knee.
Other symptoms include:
- an unstable knee, making it difficult to walk, locking the knee during movement,
- Pain and tenderness.
PCL injuries do not usually cause a ‘pop’ sound that you hear when you injure the ACL. Other symptoms of PCL injury is similar to an ACL injury.
How do doctors recognise knee ligament injury?
Your doctor may also press gently above the kneecap to feel the fluid in the joints, especially if the knee is not swollen.
Other tests include:
- MRI examination.
Prevention of knee ligament injury
Many unavoidable because rough contact is an integral part of many sports, such as football and rugby.
To reduce the risk of knee ligament injury:
- exercise regularly to stay in shape
- stretching and warming up before the start of the activity, wear kneepads or other suitable protection,
- attached to the proper technique for activities, wear a properly padded sports shoes,
- train on the appropriate surface.
Need Consultation for Knee Ligament Injury? Please contact us by calling (65) 64762106 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our professional orthopedic specialist, Dr. Kevin Yip, has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.
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