Knee pain is a common complaint among adults and most often associated with general wear and tear from daily activities like walking, bending, standing and lifting. Athletes who run or play sports that involve jumping or quick pivoting are also more likely to experience knee pain and problems.
Although it can heal on its own, many cases of knee pain are persistent and if not treated immediately, it can hinder the sufferer’s activity. In addition to bothersome pain, sufferers generally also experience a number of other symptoms such as swelling, redness, and stiffness or difficulty moving.
Knee Pain Causes
Knee pain causes include injuries, mechanical problems, arthritis, among others. In addition to injury to one of the ligaments (anterior cruciate ligament / ACL), there are also injuries due to problems with the knee support components such as tendons, cartilage, and joint fluid sacs (bursa).
Knee pain can also be caused by bursitis, which is inflammation or swelling of the bursa. Then when there is a mechanical problem, such as iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS), runners often experience it.
The most common causes of knee pain in adults or elderly is osteoarthritis, it occurs with aging process that the knee joint will be damaged and worn causing inflammation and pain.
What is the knee pain treatment without surgery?
The most effective treatment for osteoarthritis without surgery is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injection.
What is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injection for knee pain?
Handling of knee pain can be done by several methods, one of which is injection with Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) which has the principle of regeneration. This principle of regeneration can be said to “rejuvenate” the aging joints.
PRP therapy has been widespread over the last few decades and its application is not limited to cases of musculoskeletal injury due to exercise but also to cases of cartilage and joint degeneration such as OA.
Read More about: Platelet Rich Plasma Treatments
How does PRP for the knee work?
PRP is done by drawing blood from the patient, using a syringe filled with anticoagulants. The goal is that the blood that is drawn does not clot. Blood drawn is about 8-10 cc only.
This blood is then separated only by its plasma components. The process of separating blood components is called centrifugation and will later become two layers, consisting of a lower layer (containing red blood) and an upper layer (containing plasma). This upper layer contains platelets which are then injected into the patient’s knee.
PRP contains growth factors and other proteins that can stimulate the tissue regeneration process, so it can help heal / repair damaged tissue naturally.
Other Uses of PRP
PRP technology or regenerative technology is the newest method as a solution to joint aging and joint damage. The benefits of PRP are quite diverse, including helping to slow / repair the process of cartilage tissue (cartilage) damage, help slow the worsening of OA, increase the production of natural lubricating fluid in joints, and stimulate the formation of new cartilage tissue.
PRP is also beneficial in knee pain caused by injuries caused by over-stretching, partial tears even in conditions of complete rupture. But in this case, PRP is combined with physiotherapy.