Knee pain when climbing stairs or when going up and down stairs can be caused by many things, which often you do not even realize.
What causes knee pain when climbing stairs?
In the medical world, the condition that causes the knee to ache only when climbing stairs or climbing slopes is called chondromalacia. Chondromalacia occurs when cartilage under the kneecap softens and gradually wears away. Even though the cartilage is very important as a cushion to prevent friction between the bones that meet at the knee (thigh bone, shin, and kneecap / patella).
When the cartilage is damaged, the bones of the knee rub against each other, causing pain when the knee are bent and straightened, such as when going up and down stairs, up, until when kneeling and squatting and when moving from these positions. Knee joints are also prone to beating “creaks!”
The wear and tear of the knee cartilage can be caused by:
1. Repetitive and excessive knee activity
Routine running, jumping, or any physical activity that requires the use of the knee to support body weight can cause knee cartilage to wear out over time. This can happen to people of all ages, but indeed it is more common in young children and athletes.
2. The position of the kneecap is not aligned
The position of the kneecap is not aligned to make it not protected by full cartilage. The irregularity of the shell’s position is generally caused by genetic or physical defects at birth.
Little kneecap position is not parallel, the cartilage is more prone to wear and thinning so that the risk of causing bones rub against each other.
3. Weak thigh or calf muscles
The leg muscles help support the knee and keep all the bones that meet in the knee in place. If these muscles are not strong enough, the kneecap bones can be pushed out of the grooves they should. The position of the kneecap that is not parallel can make the knee hurt when climbing stairs or climbing.
Women tend to have less muscle mass around the knee than men, so they are more prone to chondromalacia.
4. Knee Injury
Knee injuries due to falls, motorized accidents, or from receiving blunt force beatings around the knee can move the kneecap out of its path so that it ultimately damages the cartilage.
In addition to the four causative factors above, people who have flat feet, different leg lengths, or have joint problems are also prone to chondromalacia.
Knee Pain When Climbing Stairs Treatments
People who experience knee pain when climbing stairs or chondromalacia symptoms should see a doctor immediately. Early treatment can reduce pain while preventing further damage to the cartilage.
Here are some ways you need to do:
- Low impact sports. This type of exercise gives minimal pressure to the knee so it does not burden the knee. Examples such as swimming and cycling.
- Rest and Compress. It is better to rest your knee and compress with ice to reduce the pain.
- Maintain body weight with a balanced diet. The heavier the weight of the body, then the knee will get a bigger load.
- Using pain relievers. To temporarily reduce pain in the knee, you can use anti-inflammatory medication.
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