Meniscus Injury is an injury that often occurs in sports that involve turns and squats as in basketball, soccer or badminton.
The mechanism of injury was a result meniscus rotating motion of the knee joint and also due to the squat movement or excessive flexion of the knee joint
Meniscus is fibrocartilago pads attached to the medial and lateral plateau tiabial. Meniscus is covering 50% of the tibial ptateu. Lateral meniscus cover more surface tibial plateau more than medial meniscus resulting in more direct contact between the femur and tibia in the medial compartment. Meniscus serves to widen and deepen the contact surface between the femur and tibia, this leads to reduced stess or pressure on the articular cartilage.
The outside or third piece of peripheral meniscus has a good vascular capillaries fibrosus capsule and synovial membrane. While the inside is avaskuler area. Therefore, when a tear occurs in the periphery, will heal well and tear on the inside will be difficult to recover.
Why Meniscus Is So Important?
Meniscus serves to widen and deepen the contact surface between the femur and tibia, this leads to reduced stess or pressure on the articular cartilage.
Meniscus will distribute the load received by the knee joint.
Meniscus also serves to maintain the stability of the joint and result in joint fluid lubrication function.
Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Meniscus Injury
- There is swelling
- Pain along the joint line
- Knees feel like locking
The diagnosis of meniscus injury is confirmed by physical examination and MRI can be used to aid in the diagnosis.
Treatment Of Meniscus Injury
There are 3 treatment options when an athlete have meniscus injury
- Non-operative rehabilitation
- Surgery is a way to clean or remove the torn meniscus
- Surgery with how to sew a torn meniscus.
Elections in the management of meniscus injuries by severity of injury and the location of the meniscus tear, as well as the age and type of activity.
Why Meniscus Injury Need To Repair? Complication Of Meniscus Injury:
Meniscus injuries were not handled properly will result in damage to the cartilage in the tibia, femur and patella suffered damage due to excessive friction and a burden that would result in the risk of osteoarthritis.
When Can Play Back Or Return To Field After Meniscus Injury?
In light meniscus injury with rehabilitation without surgery healing takes about 3-4 weeks. Whereas if necessary cleanup operations torn meniscus, healing takes about 6-8 weeks. And in case of serious injury to the meniscus and needed surgery then penyembuahan about 3-4 months time.