Everyone is worried that cancer will develop when a lump appears suddenly on areas of the body such as the breast, neck and genital area. But not all lumps indicate cancer, it could be just a small, harmless problem.
Do not be too panicked when you find the appearance of a lump in the body, first identify the type of lump:
You do not need to worry about a small lump that is a little hard on the lower neck, as long as the lump is not painful or moved to another part of the neck. This is called a thyroid nodule which is generally benign.
The cause of the emergence of thyroid nodules is unknown, but may be due to the activity of the thyroid gland. If you experience some additional thyroid symptoms such as pain other than the lump, consult a doctor immediately to treat the underlying disorder with drugs or with radioactive iodine to shrink the lump.
Cyst shape like grapes with a very soft texture and form a liquid-filled sac. Cysts usually grow around the breast or genital area. Soft lumps in the genital area may occur due to blocked oil ducts that can cause epidermoid cysts.
If a bump appears in the area and feels sensitive, compress it with warm water and apply antibiotic cream. You do not need to worry if the lump does not cause pain, but if the lump lasts for more than a month, consult a doctor immediately.
Lipomas are lumps like a ring ball that can move easily. Lipomas can occur anywhere on the body where fat cells are present, but they tend to appear on the shoulders, chest, trunk, neck, thighs, and armpits. In less common cases, they may also form in internal organs, bones, or muscles. The cause of lipomas is genetic or family inheritance which is generally harmless.
If the lump is painful because it has hit a nerve or blood vessel, you may need a minor operation to remove the lump.
Read more about: Lipoma treatment
Fibroadenoma is a round lump that is very easy to move in the breast tissue. The cause is unknown, but usually very often occurs in women aged 20 to 30 years. The doctor may suggest biopsy or fine needle aspiration immediately to confirm that it is not dangerous.
These lumps are usually harmless, but if the fibroadenoma gets bigger and makes you feel anxious, the doctor can remove it through a minor surgery.
Swollen lymph nodes
Lymph nodes are located in the armpits and neck (especially under the jaw, behind the ears and at the base of the skull), as well as in the groin. If a bump appears in the area, it may be caused by swollen lymph nodes.
This is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection. The swelling will disappear for about three weeks, but if it does not go away, consult a doctor immediately.
A ganglion cyst is a small sac of fluid that forms over a joint or tendon (tissue that connects muscle to bone). Inside the cyst is a thick, sticky, clear, colorless, jellylike material. Depending on the size, cysts may feel firm or spongy.
Ganglion cysts most commonly occur on the back of the hand at the wrist joint but they can also develop on the palm side of the wrist. When found on the back of the wrist, they become more prominent when the wrist is flexed forward.
Other sites, although less common, include these: base of the fingers on the palm, fingertip (just below the cuticle) where they are called mucous cysts, outside of the knee and ankle and top of the foot.
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