Osteoarthritis VS Osteoporosis

Do you know what is the difference is between Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis?

Let us first trace what is Osteoporosis, Osteoporosis is a disease which reduces bone density so that the risk of fractures, it caused lack of exercise to strengthen the muscles and joint structures, malnutrition, as well as the side effects of medicines and of course hormonal changes after menopause in women. The early symptoms of osteoporosis can be started from a sharp lower back pain, it could be from stress factors. To get strong bones and healthy you need at least 1000 mg of calcium per day (preferably in the form of citrate) but not more than 1200 mg. Be sure to eat a balanced diet of bread, fruit / vegetables, fish for an adequate intake of magnesium. Sources of calcium include low-fat dairy products, dark green vegetables and calcium-fortified foods and beverages. Calcium citrate is the best form of calcium to take supplements in the form of vitamin D, which needed for calcium absorption in bones, disintetis in the skin through exposure to sunlight. While many people can get enough vitamin D naturally.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Osteoarthritis is one of the main causes of back pain for people. Osteoarthritis, mainly seen in the elderly, is the breaking down of cartilage, discs, joints and synovial fluid in our body that allows freedom of movement.

Osteoarthritis mostly affects cartilage, the hard but slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they meet to form joints. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one another. It also absorbs energy from the shock of physical movement. In osteoarthritis, the surface layer of cartilage breaks down and thins. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together, causing pain, swelling, and loss of motion. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape.

Also, small deposits of bone – called osteophytes or bone spurs – may grow on the edges of the joint. The pieces of bone or cartilage can break off and float inside the joint space. This causes more pain and damage.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

To help manage and prevent osteoarthritis you should:

  • Eat plenty of different fruits and vegetables should be organic.
  • Eat lots of fruits because they have an anti-oxidant that helps reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Eat a lot of fish with Omega-3 essential fatty acids.
  • Avoid saturated fats, especially trans fats.
  • Eat more whole grains, nuts and seeds.
  • Try to stay away from refined flour, pasta or rice.
  • Drink plenty of water to help lubricate joints and discs.
  • Take supplements of glucosamine, chondroitin or MSM to support joint / cartilage and reduce pain.
  • Be sure to do some form of light aerobic exercise that will not so hard on your body such as swimming, biking, using an elliptical machine and / or a stair master.

Even going for a walk is very important and does count as exercise. So just get up and move. Studies show that people with osteoarthritis can reduce the level of pain and discomfort with only 3 months of aerobic exercise on a regular basis. You need to be more aware of building and maintaining strong bones and muscles healthy. Strong and healthy bones, muscles and joints of the spine will give you a better base and reduce your chances of back pain. If you want to live without back pain and body that will last a long try different management and prevention techniques. Your whole body will thank you for it.

Need Consultation?  Please contact us by calling (65) 64762106 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our professional Senior orthopedic specialist, Dr. Kevin Yip, has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.

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