Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a condition that develops in joints, most often in children and adolescents. It occurs when a small segment of bone begins to separate from its surrounding region due to a lack of blood supply.

Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment - Singapore Sports ClinicSymptoms of Osteochondritis dissecans

As per our knee specialist Singapore, symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans are:

  • Symptoms
    • pain
      • activity related pain that is vague and poorly localized
    • mechanical symptoms
      • indicates advanced disease
    • recurrent effusions of the knee

How to diagnose of Osteochondritis dissecans

Our knee specialist Singapore diagnose of Osteochondritis dissecans:

  • Physical exam
    • localized tenderness
    • stiffness
    • swelling
    • Wilson’s test
      • pain with internally rotating the tibia during extension of the knee between 90° and 30°, then relieving the pain with tibial external rotation

Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment

In Singapore Sports Clinic, Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment Singapore is intended to restore the normal functioning of the affected joint and to relieve pain, as well as reduce the risk of osteoarthritis. No single treatment works for everybody. In children whose bones are still growing, the bone defect may heal with a period of rest and protection.

Physiotherapy for Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment

Initially, your doctor will likely recommend conservative measures, which might include:

  • Resting your joint. Avoid activities that stress your joint, such as jumping and running if your knee is affected. You might need to use crutches for a time, especially if pain causes you to limp. Your doctor might also suggest wearing a splint, cast or brace to immobilize the joint for a few weeks.
  • Physical therapy. Most often, this therapy includes stretching and range-of-motion exercises and strengthening exercises for the muscles that support the involved joint. Physical therapy is commonly recommended after surgery, as well.

Surgery for Osteochondritis dissecans Treatment

If you have a loose fragment in your joint or if conservative treatments don’t help after four to six months, you might need surgery. The type of surgery will depend on the size and stage of the injury and how mature your bones are.