Osteomyelitis is a bone infection caused by bacteria. There are two types of osteomyelitis, namely acute and chronic. Symptoms of acute osteomyelitis can be bone pain, fever, and swelling and redness in the infected area. Usually felt bone pain in this condition tends to be severe. In addition to these symptoms, acute osteomyelitis can be characterised by swollen lymph nodes around the infected area, limiting body movement. Acute osteomyelitis often affects long bones in the leg area. In addition to these parts, the spine and arms are also locations that are usually affected.
The next type of osteomyelitis is chronic. Chronic osteomyelitis is a recurrent bone infection. Some symptoms that can occur in cases of chronic osteomyelitis are bone pain, swelling in the infected area, the body feels tired for no reason, shivering, and exaggerate sweating, skin changes, and flow of pus from the sinus tract near the infected bone.
If the patient feels persistent pain in the bone or has a high fever, immediately see a doctor at osteomyelitis specialist clinic. But some children sometimes cannot convey what they feel to their parents. Therefore, parents must be vigilant when children look reluctant to move certain body parts, decreased appetite, and prolonged fuss. It may be that these signs are symptoms of osteomyelitis.
Causes of osteomyelitis
The main cause of osteomyelitis is Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria can infect bones through the bloodstream. Staphylococcus bacteria are actually bacteria that rarely cause health problems and are common in the skin, but these bacteria can turn around when the immune system is weak (for example because we suffer from a disease). Someone who has diabetes or other chronic conditions is very susceptible to osteomyelitis. In addition to chronic conditions, Staphylococcus bacteria can also infect bones through injuries (such as surgical scars) or injuries (such as fractures).
Diagnosis of osteomyelitis
At osteomyelitis specialist clinic, our doctor will usually suspect that a patient has osteomyelitis if he feels persistent pain in certain bones with swelling and reddening of the skin. In addition to observing the affected part of the bone, the doctor will usually ask if the patient has ever:
- Injured in the past
- Have had surgery
- Have certain diseases that can trigger osteomyelitis
Follow-up examinations are usually done by a doctor to confirm the diagnosis, including:
- Scanning for bone damage due to osteomyelitis (eg CT scans, MRI scans, ultrasound, and X-rays).
- Bone biopsy to determine the type of bacteria that causes infection in the bone.
- Blood test to detect the spread of bacteria in the blood or find out signs of infection through measuring white blood cell levels.
Treatment of osteomyelitis
At osteomyelitis specialist clinic, treatment carried out in cases of osteomyelitis depends on the severity of the condition. If it’s still not too severe, doctors will usually only prescribe antibiotics to relieve infections. But in cases of more serious osteomyelitis (usually in chronic osteomyelitis), in addition to antibiotics, the doctor may recommend surgery. Surgical measures aim to prevent the spread of infection and prevent patients from amputation.
Complications of osteomyelitis
If not treated properly, osteomyelitis is at risk of causing complications. Some of these complications include:
- Septic arthritis or spread of infection from the bone to the nearest joint.
- Osteonecrosis or bone death due to obstruction of blood circulation in the bone.
- Abnormal bone growth in children.
- Skin cancer.
Prevention of osteomyelitis
The best way to prevent osteomyelitis is to avoid factors that can trigger a person to get the disease. If you have a wound, clean the wound and cover it with a sterile bandage. If the wound is severe enough, see a doctor to get the right treatment. Then check the wound regularly according to the schedule that the doctor determines.
To facilitate circulation and improve the immune system, you can apply a healthy lifestyle in everyday life. Some examples of healthy lifestyles are eating lots of fiber-rich foods and limiting high-fat foods, exercising regularly (the best advice is 2.5 hours per week), controlling weight, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
Looking for osteomyelitis specialist clinic for an effective treatment for osteomyelitis? Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment today.