Osteomyelitis Treatment Singapore
Osteomyelitis is a bone infection caused by microorganisms that enter the body through wounds or the spread of bloodborne infections. Osteomyelitis is more common in children and is generally characterized by fever, malaise, and pain in the affected part.
In haematogenous osteomyelitis, bone infection occurs as a result of infection in other parts of the body that are spread through the blood. Patients with osteomyelitis of this type usually experience fever, chills, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and infection of the ear or skin.
In exogenous osteomyelitis, bone infections are caused by the seizures of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, which enter the body through the wound. This type of osteomyelisis is characterized by pain and inflammation in the affected part, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes. One example of exogenous osteomyelitis is osteomyelitis due to foot puncture wounds that 90% of all cases are caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria attack within the body.
Causes of Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)
The cause of bone infection (Osteomyelitis) is a bacterium called staphylococcus aureus, commonly found in the skin or in the nose. If some germs (bacteria) settle in a small part of the bone, they can multiply and cause infection. Bacteria can enter into the bone through the blood stream in when someone is injured. Osteomyelitis may occur in people who have recently had a fracture, undergoing bone surgery, people who have weakened immune systems, have blood disorders, or undergo kidney dialysis. People who have these conditions are at greater risk of developing bone infections.
Symptoms of Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)
Symptoms that occur in people affected by bone infection, will generally feel pain in the bones and have a fever. In Acute Bone Infection symptoms, fever occurs suddenly, the area of infection will usually swell and soft to the touch, difficulty moving, and the pembenkakan lymph nodes near the bone that is infected.
Meanwhile, in chronic bone infection, symptoms that can be seen are bone pain, persistent fatigue, pus flowing from the sinus tract (a tunnel that develops near the infected bone), swelling in the area of infection, skin changes, excessive sweating as well as the body experiencing cold heat.
Osteomyelitis Treatment Singapore
In overcoming Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis) usually patients will soon be given antibiotics drugs. The goal is to stop the spread of germ-killing (bacteria) that often cause osteomyelitis.
Symptoms can persist fairly quickly after the patient is taking antibiotics. Patients may have to take medication for 4-6 weeks but, if you have severe infection, the patient may have to take antibiotics for up to twelve weeks. This is to make sure all the infections have disappeared from the bone.
To control the pain of the patient will usually be given painkillers and if the patient has an infection in long bones (such as hands or feet) the patient may be equipped with a splint so that the patient does not move too much which can worsen the condition.
In addition to being treated with antibiotics, some patients usually require surgery and even have to be amputated. Surgery is performed if the infection has abscesses, this is because the abscess needs to be dried. In addition, surgery is necessary if the infection is suppressing or interfering with other important structures. Operation also needs to be done in chronic bone infection (Osteomyelitis).