BUNION is also known as Hallux valgus is a condition when the big toe of the foot called the hallux starts to deviate inward towards the direction of the little toe. As the big toe drifts over into valgus, a bump starts to develop on the inside of the big toe over the metatarsal bone. This bone prominence on the inner edge for the metatarsal is referred to as a bunion.
Symptoms of Bunion
The signs and symptoms include:
– A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
– Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
– Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
– Corns or calluses — these often develop where the first and second toes overlap
– Persistent or intermittent pain
– Restricted movement of your big toe
What are the causes of bunion?
According to our foot specialist, Bunions are generally hereditary but wearing footwear that is too tight or causing the toes to be squeezed together is undoubtedly the main contributing factor for the cause of hallux valgus.
It may be associated with various forms of arthritis, including inflammatory or degenerative forms, causing the protective cartilage that covers your big toe joint to deteriorate. An occupation that puts extra stress on your feet or one that requires you to wear pointed shoes also can be a cause.
In Singapore Sports Clinic, The treatment of a bunion depends entirely on how uncomfortable it is. The initial goal of treatment options is to relieve pressure on the bunion and any symptoms that may be present and to halt or slow the progression of the joint deformity. Anti-inflammatory medicines can help to ease pain in the short term. Anti-inflammatory injections may be used to relieve severe pain. There is no effective way of getting rid a bunion without surgery.
Surgery to remove a bunion is known as a Bunionectomy.