What is Onycholysis?
Onycholysis is a common disorder affecting nails. The condition is marked by splitting of the nail bed, of the finger or the toe, from the nail plate. Usually, the nail plate remains attached to the nail bed. But this condition loosens the nail and it starts coming out from the nail bed. The nail starts taking the appearance of a half-moon and its free end begins to rise up like a hood.
Onycholysis can affect people of any age group and gender though it is more common in adults, especially females. It affects women more than men. One can see few cases of Onycholysis in children.
Onycholysis is also known by the name “Brittle Nails”.
What are the symptoms of Onycholysis?
- A nail that has lifted from its bed at its end can have an irregular border between the pink portion of the nail and the white outside edge of the nail.
- A greater portion of the nail is opaque, either whitened or discolored to yellow or green.
- Nail may have collected thickened skin underneath the edge of its nail plate.
- Nail plate may have a deformed shape with pits or indentations in the nail surface.
What are the causes of Onycholysis?
Some common causes of Onycholysis:
- Trauma: Improper manicuring of the nails is often seen as a cause of Onycholysis. Over-trimming of the nails can expose the nail bed and may also result in lifting of the nail plate. In Onycholysis trauma of the nails is often the main cause.
- Pressure: Wearing very tight-fitted shoes make the feet sweat and put the toenails under stress for a long time. This can lead to Onycholysis in toenails.
What are the treatments for Onycholysis?
Treatment would certainly be slow as the nail grows very slowly. The nail which has detached itself can’t be reattached. The only way to go is to let fresh nails grow and replace it. You should also keep in mind one thing. It is very difficult to cure and most often it leaves permanent marks on the nail. It might permanently change its appearance.
How to prevent Onycholysis?
- Avoiding exposure to harsh chemicals like nail polish remover.
- Wear cotton gloves or rubber gloves while immersing nails in water repeatedly.
- Nails expand when it is moisten and shrinks when it dries
- Clip your nails at the affected portion properly and try to keep your nails shorts to avoid further trauma from getting damaged everyday.
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