Everyone may experience knee problems at least once in life, but usually only in the form of mild pain. What if your knee pain is unbearable? What are the causes severe knee pain?
Severe Knee Pain Causes
1. Knee Injury
A knee injury can happen at any time in your life. This can affect the ligaments and tendons around the knee joint, and the bones and ligaments that make up the knee joint. Some of the injuries that cause severe knee pain include:
ACL stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament, which is one of four ligaments that connect the shin bone to the femur. An ACL injury is a tear in this ligament. ACL injuries usually occur in people who play sports that require sudden changes in direction, such as basketball, soccer, or volleyball. Women are more likely to have ACL injuries than men.
When you have an accident, such as falling from a tree or a ladder, or a traffic accident, you may experience a broken bone. People who suffer from osteoporosis are more likely to experience a broken bone than people in general.
Some repetitive knee movements cause a buildup of fluid over the knee joint. This makes the pain worse when you bend your knees completely. Knee bursitis affects people with certain jobs such as footballers.
Patellar tendinitis is a problem in the patellar tendon. The patellar tendon is a group of fibrous tissue that connects the quadriceps muscle in the front of the femur with shin bone. People who play sports with jumps like basketball and volleyball are more at risk for this condition.
2. Knee Arthritis
Arthritis is a common cause of severe knee pain. Here are some types of arthritis:
With increasing age or excessive use, the knee becomes less flexible, stiff and painful. This pain can worsen when you build a weight on the knee. Osteoarthritis can also cause fluid-filled swelling in the back of the knee, which feels very painful.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. This condition can occur in every joint of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease but can be severe.
Arthritis due to infection
This happens when your knee is infected. You can have a fever, then your knee will become swollen, hot, and painful. You may need to drain fluid that has accumulated in your knees before taking antibiotics. In some cases, surgery is needed.
3. Mechanical problems
Over time and age, bones and cartilage can degenerate. Some bones or cartilage can rupture and float in place of the joint. Pain can occur when you move your knee.
The bone, called the patella, shifts from its position, and there is a dislocation of the kneecap. This condition usually occurs on the front of the foot and is more likely to be experienced by women than men. Your knee will become swollen and you will feel pain and may not be able to walk.
Hip pain or soles of the feet
Sometimes when you experience hip pain or soles of the feet, you will change your gait to avoid pain. This can have an impact on the knee joint.
When you have gout, your knees can become red, hot, and you can experience severe pain.
When the body produces too much uric acid and forms crystals in the joints, the knee can become inflamed and painful. You might not be able to walk normally, you might not even be able to move your knee. To treat gout, you may be advised to use cold compresses and medicines.
5. Osgood-Schlatter disease
This is a common disease in adolescents and young people. If you experience pain, swelling, and pain in the area below the kneecap, then you may be affected by Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs when the bone in the upper part of the lower leg is broken. Playing sports can cause this disease. You may be advised to use painkillers and reduce activities to relieve pain due to this disease.
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The problems listed above are common causes of severe knee pain. Once you experience knee pain, you should see a knee specialist. Knee specialist will then be able to examine you and provide proper diagnosis and treatment. Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment with our knee specialist today.