Shin splints or in medical terms medial tibial stress syndrome is pain in the shin or tibia bone which is the front of the lower leg. This condition is generally experienced by people who exercise too much. As a result, the shin and connective tissue (which attaches muscles to the bones) experience repeated pressure, so that the lower limb tissue becomes damaged.
Generally shin splints are not a serious condition, but this pain can get worse if ignored.
With proper treatments for shin splint, patients with shin splints can recover within a few weeks. Call us at 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment with our Shin Splint Specialist Clinic.
Symptoms of shin splint
The shin splint that occurs in the front area of lower leg is indicated by symptoms that appear during or after physical activity.
These symptoms can be in the form of:
- Pain in the inside of the shin. Initially, front lower leg pain can disappear after stopping physical activity, but can continue to cause fractures due to pressure on the legs.
- Pain occurs in both shins.
- The lower limbs are slightly swollen.
- Pain gets worse when climbing stairs.
Causes and Risk Factors for shin splint
The condition of inflammation of the bone surface (periosteum), muscles, and tendons in the lower limbs that cause pain is thought to occur due to repeated physical activities. While other opinions suspect that pain in the shin splint occurs because the condition of the muscle space in the lower limbs is not balanced or weak. However, so far the exact cause of pain in shin splinters has not been confirmed.
There are several factors that can increase a person’s risk of experiencing shin splints. among others are:
- Having excess weight (obesity).
- Have flat soles or high arches, and have a rigid calf muscle and tendon Achilles (tissue that connects the heel and calf muscles).
- Has weak ankle tissue.
- Wear shoes that are not right or do not support physical activities.
- Never exercise, but suddenly run. Additions to the sudden duration, frequency or intensity of physical activity.
- Undergoing military training.
- Run on hard or uneven surfaces.
Diagnosis of shin splints
Diagnosis begins with asking the patient’s symptoms and activities that are carried out before the onset of pain. Then the doctor can do a physical examination, especially to see signs of inflammation in the area of the shin.
Doctors need to ensure that the pain that patients feel is not caused by other conditions. In order to establish a diagnosis, the doctor will conduct a supporting examination in the form of a scan, such as an X-ray or MRI.
This examination is carried out if the doctor suspects the pain is caused by another condition, such as:
- Compartment syndrome
- Tendon injury
- Peripheral arterial disease
Shin Splint Treatment
Shin splint treatment is quite simple and can be done independently at home. Doctors usually advise patients to take a break from strenuous activities or exercise which involves suppressing the shin for at least 2 weeks. By resting, it is expected that the pain will gradually disappear.
In addition, patients are encouraged to compress the painful part using an ice bag for 10-15 minutes, 4-8 times a day. Compress will help relieve pain and swelling.
If needed, you can take over-the-counter painkillers at pharmacies. After the pain has subsided, physical activity can be restarted. However, these activities must be carried out in stages. Not allowed to do physical activities for a long time or do strenuous exercise.
If the front of lower leg pain returns or recurs when you start to exercise again, stop the activity immediately and see a doctor.
How to prevent Shin Splints?
There are several ways you can do to prevent the occurrence of shin splint, including:
- Warm up well before exercising.
- Use the right sports shoes, especially with soles or pads that support the shape of your feet.
- Use the support of your feet, especially for those who have flat feet.
- Increase your level of exercise, flexibility and strength gradually.
- Perform exercises to strengthen and stabilise the feet.
- Lower the weight if it is excessive.
- As much as possible do physical activity on a flat and soft surface.
Having front lower leg pain? Suspecting shin splint? Get it checked today! Call 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment today with our specialist for an effective treatment for Shin splint.
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