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Disorders of the joints, bones and nerves can seriously interfere with daily activities. In addition to causing pain, a shin splint can make the leg weak and difficult to move.

Read more: Shin Splints Specialist Clinic Treatments

What is Shin Splints?

Shin Splints is also known medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS).

This condition occurs because the muscles, tendons, and other tissues in the shin bones (front calf) experience irritation due to intense exercise.

This often occurs in sportsmen, dancers, or military personnel so it will definitely hinder movement and if not handled properly can risk causing complications.

In addition, there are other things that can increase the risk of shin splints such as exercising too hard (high duration and frequency), unbalanced leg strength, wearing inappropriate footwear, running on uneven terrain, and if the shape of the foot tends to be flat or too concave.

The following are some of the common symptoms of a shin splint, such as: Feeling pain during activity which can increase if you continue, Slight swelling in the lower leg, Feet feels weak to move or is numb, Muscle ache Pain in the inside of the calf, The area hurts to the touch.

If the shin is very painful, feels warm / hot, appears to be swollen, and still feels pain even though you are resting immediately consult a doctor to treat shin splints.

Shin Splints Treatments

However, besides that, there are several steps that can be taken as a first step to relieve and treat shin splints, such as the following:

  1. Give a cold compress to the sore for about 15-20 minutes. You can use ice cubes or a special compress bag when treating shin splints

2. Position the legs on top while sitting or lying down to rest

3. Use special pads on the inside of the shoe to make your feet more comfortable

4. Take advantage of pain relievers or muscle soreness. Can be consumed orally or applied topically (cream, balm).

5. Avoid strenuous exercise, do low-impact sports such as swimming or walking.

6. If the doctor recommends, it may be possible to do a small surgical procedure on the calf

7. Attending therapy with a physiotherapist to reduce symptoms and restore bone function.

In order not to get an injury such as a shin splint, always warm up before and cool down after exercise, increase the intensity gradually, wear appropriate shoes, and pay attention to movement.

Shin Splints Physiotherapy Clinic

Shin Splints Physiotherapy Clinic

Our physiotherapist will determine what risk factors have caused the shin splints and will teach how to address those causes. A treatment plan will be developed that is specific to you and what your body needs to recover and to prevent reinjury.

To relieve pain, our physiotherapist may prescribe: Rest from the aggravating activity or exercise, Icing the tender area for 5 to 10 minutes, 1 to 3 times a day, Exercises to gently stretch the muscles around the shin, Taping the arch of the foot or the affected leg muscles, Hands-on massage of the injured tissue.

To help strengthen weak muscles, our physiotherapist may teach you: Exercises that increase the strength of hip rotation, hip abduction (lifting the leg away from the other leg), and hip extension (lifting the leg behind your body) to decrease stress to the lower leg, Exercises that increase your arch and shin muscle strength to decrease the overpronation (flattening out) of the arch of the foot.

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