What Is Shoulder Dislocation?
Before we can understand what is about shoulder dislocation, we must first understand the structure of a normal shoulder. Shoulders basically consists of two joints, the joints acromioclavicular (meetings between the shoulder blade and shoulder bone) and the glenohumeral joint (a meeting between the shoulder blades and upper arm bone). Glenohumeral joint is the joint range of motion with the most on our body, therefore the joint become the joint most frequently dislocated / shift compared to other joints. Shoulder dislocation occurs when the upper arm bone hump shifted from its place in the shoulder blade.
When Shoulder Dislocation Can Occur?
As we know together, sports injuries can happen to everyone, whether an athlete or someone who does athletics to fill his spare time. Shoulder dislocation, including injury that often occurs, especially in contact sports are sports, such as wrestling, judo and water polo, or athletics with a high risk of falling, such as cycling and rock climbing.
95% of cases of dislocation / shoulder joints shift occurred towards the front, but in fact this shift can occur in any direction. Shift towards the front of the shoulder joint can occur because the movement of the upper arm bone forced away from the body towards the participation torsion outwards. While shifting back toward the shoulder joint can occur because someone dropped the arms outstretched to the side position.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Shoulder Dislocation?
When someone has a dislocated shoulder, then immediately felt was pain in the shoulder. In addition, it will look puffy at the shoulder. Position the arm after the traumatic events that occur can be useful to distinguish the direction of the shift of the shoulder joint. When you are relaxed, the arms being rotated outwards (so much elbow facing toward the front), then there is a shift toward the front of the shoulder joint. In the shift towards the front of the shoulder joint, the patient will experience pain when asked to rotate the arm inward. In contrast to the shift to the back of the shoulder joint, the arm may be rotated inward (so much elbow facing toward the back), and there is pain when the patient is asked to rotate the arm outwards. Confirmation of a shift in the shoulder joints do dengam X-ray examination or MRI.
What To Do When Facing Someone With A Shoulder Dislocation?
First aid that can be given is to apply the RICE principle, which is Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Rest means the shoulders should diistirahatkan for example by using the “carrying cloth” shoulder (arm sling). Ice means given ice compress on the affected joint. Ice compress given by putting the pieces of ice cubes in a plastic bag and close the plastic bag after producing its first air. Icecap has closed then wrapped with a thin towel wet. Icecap pasting into the shoulder area felt experiencing pain for 20 minutes, and repeat this ice compress for the first 72 hours after the incident. Compression means ice bag affixed to the shoulder using the elastic bandage or cloth fastened together to feel the effects of circular emphasized. Elevation means to position the shoulder is higher than the heart. RICE applied to minimize swelling that occurs kaibat friction shoulder joint.
Furthermore, the patient’s shoulder joint should be returned to its original position by an act of repositioning. If there is no experience in the field of health, the patient should be immediately taken to the nearest hospital. After repositioning is done, the examination should be repeated x-ray to make sure that the shoulder joint is back to its normal position.
One thing you definitely do not need to worry about is that the dislocated shoulder does not mean that thereafter may not be able to do exercise in the future. Any patient who has had a shoulder dislocation can re-run its normal activities, provided that the patient undergo a rehabilitation program which was in accordance with the appropriate health care directives.
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