Causes of Headache & Migraine

Headache can be caused by various things. Dr Mathew Tung can determine the exact cause and treatment based on a complete examination.

Causes of Headache

 

In general, headaches can be grouped by cause, i.e headaches that are not associated with other diseases or called primary headaches and headaches caused by other diseases or also called secondary headaches. Here is an explanation.

1. Primary Headache

The primary headache is a headache caused by a pain-sensitive headache disorder and is not a symptom of another illness.

There are several factors that play a role in primary headaches, including disorders of the neck and head muscles, chemical activity in the brain, blood vessels or / and nerves. In some people, primary headache is a hereditary condition in the family. The following are some of the most common types of headaches.

1.a. Tension headache.

This is the most common type of headache. Usually people who experience this type of headache will feel as if there is a rubber band that is wrapped around the head and the head feels pressed continuously. Some things that could be the cause are depression, sleep deprivation, stress, dehydration, skipping meals, and consuming too much liquor.

1.b. Migraine.

Migraines are less common when compared with tension headaches. People who experience a migraine will feel either side or both sides of the head as if pulsating. These headaches can continue to recur and make daily routines impaired. Migraine can be treated with over-the-counter medications, but if the migraines are severe, see your doctor immediately to get a stronger prescription medication and get further treatment.

1.c. Cluster headache.

These headache attacks can occur for one or two months of the year.

Cluster headache patients feel tremendous pain and spread around one eye. Cluster headache symptoms can not be relieved by over-the-counter medications, but you can consult your doctor to relieve pain through more specific treatments. Lifestyle is also one of the factors causing primary headache, such as consuming processed foods with acid salt compound (nitrate), changes in sleep time, bad posture, past the hours of eating to excess stress.

Lifestyle is also one of the factors causing primary headache, such as consuming processed foods with acid salt compound (nitrate), changes in sleep time, bad posture, past the hours of eating to excess stress.

2. Secondary Headache

The secondary headache is a headache caused by the active nerve pain in the head due to an illness.

Here are some common causes of headaches.

  • Sinusitis
  • Flu
  • Ear infections
  • Dental problems
  • Consumption of monosodium glutamate (MSG) is excessive
  • Eating food or drinks are too cold suddenly
  • Using a cover or headgear that is too tight such as a helmet
  • Hormonal changes in women for example after taking birth control pills
  • Impaired vision such as glaucoma

The following are the less common causes of secondary headaches:

  • Blockage of blood vessels in the brain
  • Inflammation of the brain
  • Concussion
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Brain aneurysm
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Panic attacks Meningitis

In addition, there are several types of specific secondary headaches as follows.

  • Rebound headache caused by frequent use of pain medication.
  • Thunderclap headaches that make sufferers experience severe headaches, occur suddenly and with a potentially fatal base cause such as bleeding in the brain.
  • Spinal headaches caused by a lack of cerebrospinal fluid after anaesthesia or trauma.

See a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and further treatment because the headache suffered may be a symptom of a serious illness. Call 64762106 for consultation with Dr Mathew Tung today. 

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