Stroke is a condition that occurs when blood supply to the brain is cut off due to blockage or rupture of blood vessels, resulting in the death of cells in some areas of the brain. Stroke is a serious health condition that requires rapid treatment.
When the supply of blood carrying oxygen and nutrients to the brain is severed, the brain cells begin to die. Because of the faster the patient is handled, the damage is even smaller and even death can be avoided. If you feel a stroke or seeing another person having a stroke, contact the hospital immediately for an ambulance.
Keep in mind the following stroke symptoms in order to take the right action.
- The speech of the patient is unclear or chaotic, there are even people who can not talk at all even though they look conscious
- Eyes and mouth on one side of the patient’s face look down
- The arms of the sufferer suffered paralysis during a stroke, so they were unable to lift one or even both arms Immediately contact the hospital if you notice any of the above symptoms.
Immediately contact the hospital if you notice any of the above symptoms.
Causes of Stroke
People who smoke, lack of exercise, and have a poor diet are also prone to stoke. In addition people whose blood circulation is disrupted due to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, irregular heartbeat or atrial fibrillation, and diabetes, are also more prone to stroke.
Background of stroke
The brain can function well if the supply of oxygen and nutrients provided by blood flow well. If the blood supply is inhibited, then the brain will be damaged, even a person affected by a stroke can die.
Stroke by type
Type of stroke when viewed from the cause is divided into two ischaemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischaemic stroke occurs when blood supply stops due to blood clots and hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels supplying blood to the brain are ruptured.
There is also a TIA (Transient Ischaemic Attack) or a mild stroke. TIA occurs when blood supply to the brain has a momentary disturbance that usually begins with symptoms of dizziness, double vision, the body suddenly feels weak, and difficult to talk.
Although only a moment, still must be handled seriously. Because this is usually a warning of a heavy stroke.
Diagnosis of stroke
Strokes are generally diagnosed through physical signs, as well as through photo or brain imaging. Brain imaging is useful for determining whether a stroke is caused by a blocked artery or a ruptured blood vessel, the risk of an ischemic stroke, which part of the brain is affected, and how severe the stroke is.
Method of treatment of stroke
Stroke treatment depends on the type, ischaemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Treatment is also adjusted to the area of the brain where a stroke occurs. In general, stroke is treated with drugs, including preventative medications to lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, and eliminate blood clotting. In some cases, surgery is needed to correct the damage caused by a hemorrhagic stroke or the removal of fat in the arteries.
Prevention of stroke
Stroke can be prevented through the application of a healthy lifestyle. The risk of stroke will be reduced if you eat healthy food, exercise regularly, do not smoke, and drink alcohol according to the dose. Trying to lower cholesterol levels and high blood pressure with drugs can also reduce the risk of stroke. In some people, drugs to prevent blood clots and medications to maintain normal blood sugar levels are also important to prevent stroke.
Complications of stroke
Stroke can cause various complications, and some can endanger the life of the patient. Examples of such complications include hydrocephalus or high production of cerebrospinal fluid, dysphagia or difficulty swallowing, and deep vein thrombosis or blood clots in the legs.