As the lower body part, the legs are composed of various types of bones and strong joints to hold pressure from your body continuously. That is why if you experience an injury to the foot, especially in the ankle area, you can be difficult to walk even to stand up. One of the most common types of ankle injuries is caused by sinus tarsi syndrome injuries.
What is Sinus Tarsi Syndrome?
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome is an injury or trauma that occurs on the outside of the ankle. The tarsi sinus itself is a cavity around the ankle that is formed from several joints to connect parts of the talus and calcaneus. Sinus tarsi syndrome can also occur when there is a wound or tear in one or more ligaments in the sinus tarsi.
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Causes
The main cause of sinus tarsi syndrome is an ankle injury or trauma involving one or more ligaments in the sinus tarsi. For example, sprains, sprains, or falls while exercising or doing activities.
Ligaments that are torn due to dislocations that are severe enough can cause inflammation and rupture of the synovial fluid sac from the joints which acts as a lubricant for joints and tendons.
Causes Sinus Tarsi Syndrome other than trauma such as the shape of the foot that is too flat or the wrong way to walk can also cause repeated pressure. The talus and calcaneus bones in the legs that are too simultaneously pressed can cause damage and inflammation in the joints in the sinus area.
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Symptoms
If the injury is related to the sinus tarsi area, the main symptoms are pain, discomfort, and / or imbalance when standing. Pain that is a sign of sinus tarsi usually occurs shortly after an injury or after the foot holds the load for too long.
Special ankle injuries are sinus syndrome characterized by pain arising on the outside of the ankle, whether it is moving or just while lifting. As a result, one may feel unstable when concentrating on the back foot.
Sinus tarsi damage occurs slowly and the pain can increase seriously when damaged leg joints cause a person unable to walk normally or take steps that are too wide. Incorrect movements will again add to the area of damage to the joints that have been injured.
Pain similar to sinus tarsi syndrome can also be caused by sprained feet, arthritis, tendonitis and fractures around the legs. But strong pain centered around the ankle area causing an imbalance when walking or standing is the main sign of sinus tarsi syndrome.
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Diagnosis
According to our Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Specialist, the diagnosis of sinus tarsi syndrome is accompanied by other examinations to rule out other leg disorders. Like doing a CT scan to get rid of the possibility of fractures, and MRI to check the condition of the ligaments / tissue around the sinus tarsi which allows inflammation.
Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Treatment
According to Sinus Tarsi Syndrome Specialist, Sinus Tarsi syndrome treatments depends on the symptoms and duration that experiencing by the patient. Sinus tarsi injuries can interfere with your daily activity, but first handling this injury is usually quite easy because it involves:
- Protect the sprained foot area to prevent further injury using a support. Or in the case of sprained or sprained ankles, use shoes that can elevate and support your feet.
- Plenty rest the injured ankle. Do not place heavy loads on the sprained area for 48 hours, avoid standing too long, walking too fast or other activities that can put too much pressure on the ankles.
- Wear comfortable footwear to absorb the pressure or vibration of the impact around the heel. Pain can be reduced when vibration is reduced by using thick and stiff footwear and there is a shoe contour with a curved base to reduce pressure.
- Take painkillers to relieve pain and inflammation.
- Corticosteroid injections to relieve pain in the area
- Sinus Tarsi Syndrome physiotherapy will help to hasten the healing process, ensure an optimal outcome and reduce the likelihood of injury recurrence in all patients.
If the above treatment fails, then the next step is surgery to reconstruct the bone structure in the ankle.
Call us at 64762106 or SMS 84998384 for an appointment with our orthopaedic specialist for Sinus Tarsi Sydrome specialist for proper treatment.