Sprains First Aid

Strain or sprain would have been familiar to those who love to exercise or physical activity . Why could occur. To answer this , it must be known what is a sprain . A sprain is a sprain and ordinary language of the strain , which means a kind of tension in the joints due to its motion is not correct .

a sprain is ligament ( connective tissue / connective strong ) causing a partial tear / partial . While the strain is teregangnya muscles and tendons ( connective tissue / strong linkage that connects muscle to bone ) . The incidence of sprains most often occur in the ankle / ankle , wrist , and finger joints .

Someone said if the sprained ligament ( rubbery muscles attached to the bones and joints in place binding ) in the knee , ankle , hand , elbow , or other joints suddenly stretched so that no fibers are strained , even broken or torn . In the sprained , it will feel pain and if not immediately taken recovery action will be swelling in the muscle tissue .

Sprains often occur in the muscles or joints tendons are stretched or sudden circumstances that do not sit in flux , causing the muscles to become rigid . If we do not move it carefully , can occur sprain . if we sprains , would disrupt their daily work activities .

Cause Sprains

The cause sprains can vary , could be due to trauma accidents , are exercising and others. Severity can vary . Pulling could just be muscle resulting in inflammation , but also got off so the handling is somewhat different . In general , the symptoms are pain , swelling , skin looks red , and of course will interfere with the function of the affected part .

Sprains First Aid

Sprains First Aid, immediate treatment for sprain, treatment for acute injury, RICE

Sprains First Aid

When an incident occurs, Sprains first aid are , the RICE ( Rest , Ice , Compressio , Elevation ).

1) Rest

Rest means rest , the intention is to immediately stop doing any activity . The saying ” no pain no gain ” adopted some sportsmen can not be justified in this case . Excessive activity of the affected body part will lead to further complications . Suppose that torn ligaments will get worse . and often accompanied by fractures sprained / broken / fractured .

2) Ice

Then given ice ( ice ) which means compressed sprained area with ice , instead of with warm water . When a new injury takes place, there will be tears of blood vessels that result in the release of the contents of the blood vessels into surrounding tissues , so swell . Blood vessels around the injury will also widen (dilate ) in response to inflammation . Giving cold compress / ice will constrict dilated blood vessels , thus reducing swelling . Cold compresses can be done 1-2 times a day , not more than 20 minutes because it will interfere with blood circulation.

3) Compression

The third is the compression , the principle of treatment is to give compress  on the injury , can be done with a bandage / bandaged . aim to reduce swelling. splinting with a bandage to keep in mind do not be too tight .

4) Elevation

And the last is the elevation . The goal is to reduce swelling . For example , if a sprained ankle , take frequent breaks with legs raised , by using a pillow or towel fouled . If not treated immediately it can be weakened ligaments or an advanced rigid so that the power balance is disappearing ( this is the reason why sprains often occur in the same place).

Keep in mind also that if the strain do not directly massaged or massaged , because it can cause swelling enlarged . When within 24 hours , no pain is also reduced and swelling got worsening, or fever does not go down , as well as part of a sprained result can not move , then it is time to consult a doctor.

Need Consultation?  Please contact us by calling (65) 64762106 or Schedule an Appointment here on our website. Our professional orthopaedic specialist, Dr. Kevin Yip, has more than 20 years experience. Be assured that you will be receiving professional treatments that suit your needs. Consultations are covered by most insurance.


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