Surgical wound infection is an infection that appears on a surgical incision wound. In the surgical procedure, the surgeon will make an incision in the skin using a scalpel, causing the surgical wound. Even though it has been in accordance with the surgical procedure and through various precautions, the possibility of infection in the surgical wound is always there. Most of the surgical wound infections appear within the first 30 days after surgery.
Surgical Wound Infection Causes
Surgical wound infections are generally caused by bacteria. Examples are Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas. Surgery wounds can be infected by these bacteria through various forms of interaction, including:
- The interaction between the surgical wound and the germs on the skin.
- Interaction with airborne germs.
- Interaction with germs that are already in the body or the organ being operated on.
- Interaction with the hands of doctors and nurses.
- Interaction with surgical tools.
Some of the factors that can increase a patient’s risk after undergoing surgery for a surgical wound infection are:
- Underwent a surgical procedure that took more than 2 hours.
- Undergo abdominal surgery.
- Elderly people.
- Suffering from cancer.
- Have diabetes.
- Have a weak immune system.
- Obesity. Smoker.
Surgical Wound Infection Symptoms
Surgical wound infection can cause several symptoms, including:
- Red rash.
- The wound feels hot.
- Swelling Long process of wound healing.
- Pus formation.
- The surgery wound smells bad.
Surgical Wound Infection Treatments
There are several treatment methods used to treat surgical wound infections, namely:
This drug is used to treat most infectious wounds and stop their spread. The length of time treatment with antibiotics varies, but usually lasts at least 1 week. If the wound or area of infection is small and superficial, you can use a cream, such as fusidic acid. Antibiotics can also be given in the form of injections or tablets. Some of the most commonly used antibiotics include: Co-amoxiclav. Clarithromycin. Erythromycin. Metronidazole.
Invasive surgical procedure
Sometimes, the surgeon will need to perform another operation to clean the wound. These actions include:
- Open the surgical wound by removing the stitches.
- Perform skin and tissue tests on the wound to detect if there is infection and what type of antibiotic treatment to use.
- Cleaning the wound by removing dead or infected tissue in the wound (debridement).
- Clean the wound with saline solution.
- Drain pus or abscess if present.
- Cover the wound (if it has a hole) with a sterile gauze moistened with saline solution.
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If the surgical wound infection is not treated promptly, the infection can spread and cause complications. Call or Whatsapp us at 64762106 to get your surgical wound infection specialist clinic check up today.