Do you often feel pain or stiffness in the joints or spine? Joint pain when walking or climbing stairs? Disorders of the joints apparent cause impaired activity. Actually, what causes the disorder of the joints? And, is there any way to fix this?

Knee Joint Pain

Knee Joint Pain

Cause pain and Stiff Joints

Disease that attacks the joints is known as arthritis. The disease is usually characterized by pain, swelling, and inflammation of the joints. Rheumatic diseases were not unusual in Singapore.

One of the cause is damage to the joint cartilage tissue. Because cartilage tissue serves to coat the bones and helps the movement of the joint, causing bone damage collide while moving that cause pain and joint stiffness. The problem of pain and stiffness in the joints are pretty much attacking in the joints of neck, elbows, shoulders, fingers or wrists, knees, back, and hips although it can also attack other parts of the joints. The danger, these disorders can cause the move to change the form of the joints and bones if not addressed properly.

What causes joint disorders?

The main thing that causes disruption to the joint is unclear. However, there are several factors believed to be related with joints disorders:

  • AGE: Joint health problems can affect anyone, although it is more widely experienced by those aged over 40 years. Increased risk of joint disorders with increasing age is believed to be associated with higher levels of use of joints, reduced muscle strength, weight gain, and reduced ability to regenerate cells.
  • INJURY or SURGERY: Injury or surgery to the joint section increases the risk of certain disorders of the joints at a later date.
  • OBESITY: Excess weight is closely related to problems in the joints, especially the knee joints that support your body weight.
  • INTENSE PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES: High intensity physical activity can result in excessive burden on the joints and increases the risk of injury. However, light-intensity physical activity and a moderate can actually strengthen and maintain healthy joints.
  • SMOKING: Smoking can increase inflammation in the body thereby increasing the risk of interference to the joints.
  • GENETIC or HEREDITARY FACTORS

What are the symptoms?

  • Pain in the joints
  • Stiffness in the joints, especially after quietly in the same position (such as sleeping or sitting)
  • Joints and muscles are more supple, especially in the knee joint
  • Swelling in the joints
  • Bone crepitus or clicking sound to the joints when moving
  • Disruptions in activities, especially activities that involve movement of joints including: Walking and going up and down stairs, getting up from a chair or bed, bending.
  • Changes in joint form that seemed to be more obvious and usually happens if you have severe symptoms

Treat the joints problem before it’s too late

Although it’s not curable, joint disorders still have to be handled appropriately in order to help to relieve pain, improve the ability to move, continue daily activities, and prevent the condition from getting worse.
The prevention will be as followed:
  • Supplements Glucosamine and Chondroitine which is a compound that naturally occurs in the body, especially in connective tissue and cartilage tissue. There have been many studies that show that chondroitin and glucosamine supplementation can help reduce joint pain and prevent joint damage in patients with osteoarthritis. This relates to their role as a constituent component of cartilage and synovial oil. Formation of cartilage and synovial oil plays an important role in preventing friction between the bones that cause joint pain
  • Physical therapy and exercise to strengthen muscles, increase joint flexibility, and as an exercise to perform daily activities. Choose the type of sport with mild and moderate intensity to avoid injury, and consult with your doctor.
  • Healthy lifestyle with a balanced nutrition and avoiding smoking
  • Protect the joints from overload and injuries by:
    • Use of proper footwear and comfortable one. Use footwear with the right size and limit the use of high-heeled footwear
    • Limit high-intensity physical activity
    • Be careful during the daily activities to avoid injury
    • Get plenty of rest

Dr Kevin Yip, Senior Orthopedic Consultant

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