How to treat a thigh muscle injury after exercising?
Thigh muscle injury is a common injury to anyone who exercises regularly. The thigh muscles, in particular, produce a lot of energy, so they are also subject to a lot of damage. One of them is a cruciate ligament thigh injury.
What are cruciate ligaments?
Cruciate ligaments are a pair of connective tissue that functions to attach the femur to the shin bone. The name cruciate itself is taken from the Latin “crux” which in English is called “cross” because it forms a pair of ligaments that cross each other. Cruciate ligaments consist of anterior cruciate ligaments and posterior cruciate ligaments.
What is the function of cruciate ligaments?
Cruciate ligaments are 2 of 4 ligaments that function to stabilize the knee joints when moving so they do not easily shift. In addition to the cruciate ligaments, there are also medial and lateral collateral ligaments. The anterior cruciate ligament serves to keep the shin from sliding forward, whereas the posterior cruciate ligament functions to keep the shin from shifting backward.
What causes thigh injuries after exercising?
Anterior cruciate ligament injury is caused by sports injuries, both contact and without contact.
Signs and symptoms of thigh injury after exercising
To diagnose an anterior cruciate thigh ligament injury, the doctor will usually ask about the mechanism of the injury – whether contact or non-contact. The mechanism of non-contact injury is usually related to sudden changes in running direction or when landing after jumping. Patients will hear a “Pop!” Sound on the knee and are usually unable to continue exercising because of pain, swelling, and an unstable knee. Within a few hours, hemarthrosis will form. Whereas contact injuries are usually associated with broader injuries.
On a physical examination several maneuvers can be carried out such as: Lachman test, Pivot shift test, Anterior drawer test.
How to treat a thigh injury after exercising?
As an emergency response, the first thing to do is reduce pain and swelling with the principle of RICE (rest, ice, compress, and elevation) and administration of pain relievers. Rest your thigh and knee by using aids such as crutches for a while.
After the first treatment, the next treatment step depends on the level and type of injury, starting from the rehabilitation program or undergoing surgery to reconstruct the damaged thigh ligament.
Thigh injury (cruciate ligament) should be seen by a doctor for an accurate diagnosis
To see the structure of the ligament damaged by a thigh injury, MRI, X-ray examination can be used. MRI is the most sensitive scanning technique (90-98%) and can detect tears in the anterior cruciate ligament.
With an x-ray, the doctor can find an anteroposterior Segond fracture, which is a lateral capsule avulsion fracture, which is an indirect sign of an anterior cruciate ligament injury. Whereas, lateral position X-ray can be found lateral notch fracture in the lateral femoral condyle. This finding is often found in chronic anterior cruciate ligament injuries caused by anterior subluxation of the lateral tibial base.
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